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Volume 14, Number 3—March 2008

Research

Epidemiology of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Patients without HIV Infection, New York City

Ethan E. Bodle*, Jennifer A. Cunningham*, Phyllis Della-Latta*, Neil W. Schluger*, and Lisa Saiman*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Columbia University, New York, New York, USA;

Main Article

Table 1

HIV-negative patients with positive nontuberculous mycobacteria cultures and disease, New York–Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, 2000–2003

NTM species* No. positive cultures Adequate data to assess case status† No. patients with disease (%)‡
All species 505 375 119 (32)
Mycobacterium avium (MAC) complex 422 297 79 (27)
Rapidly growing mycobacteria‡ 45 41 25 (61)
  M. abscessus 14 13 11 (85)
  M. chelonae 15 13 4 (31)
  M. fortuitum 16 15 10 (67)
M. gordonae 25 6 0
M. kansasii ‡ 12 10 7 (70)
M. marinum ‡ 4 4 4 (100)
M. scrofulaceum 5 4 0
M. xenopi 13 9 5 (56)

*M. flavescens, M. gastri, M. haemophilum, and M. neoaurum were isolated once each.
†Patients with adequate clinical, radiographic, and mycobacteriologic data to assess case status.
‡Greater proportion of rapidly growing mycobacteria, M. kansasii, and M. marinum caused nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease when compared with MAC (p<0.01).

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