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Volume 14, Number 3—March 2008

Research

Exposure to Novel Parainfluenza Virus and Clinical Relevance in 2 Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Populations

Stephanie Venn-Watson*Comments to Author , Rebecca Rivera‡, Cynthia R. Smith*, Jeremiah T. Saliki§, Shannon Caseltine§1, Judy St. Leger¶, Pam Yochem‡, Randall S. Wells#, and Hendrik Nollens‡**
Author affiliations: *US Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego, California, USA; ‡G2 Software Systems, Inc., San Diego, California, USA; ‡Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute, San Diego, California, USA; §Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA; ¶SeaWorld, San Diego, California, USA; #Chicago Zoological Society c/o Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, Florida, USA; **University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA;

Main Article

Table 2

Frequencies of abnormal serum biochemical values in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) within 60 d before and 30 d after PIV antibody seroconversion (n = 22)*

Blood variable Adult dolphin reference range Median value (range), cases No. cases below reference range (%) No. cases above reference range (%)
Protein, g/dL 6.2–7.6 7.1 (5.7–9.6) 4 (18.2) 12 (54.5)
Albumin, g/dL 3.9–4.9 4.2 (3.4–5.1) 6 (27.3) 2 (9.1)
Globulin, g/dL 2.1–3.1 3.0 (1.7–5.0) 2 (9.1) 12 (54.5)
Glucose, mg/dL 85–144 110 (70–214) 7 (31.8) 9 (40.9)
Sodium, mEq/L 153–159 156 (127–169) 8 (36.4) 0
Chloride, mEq/L 115–125 118 (109–134) 12 (54.5) 0
Potassium, mEq/L 3.5–4.1 3.8 (3.0–7.5) 5 (22.7) 10 (45.5)
Calcium, mg/dL 8.3–9.7 9.1 (6.6–10.8) 3 (13.6) 9 (40.9)
BUN, mg/dL 36–59 48 (29–76) 8 (36.4) 6 (31.8)
Creatinine, mg/dL 1.2–2.0 1.3 (0.7–2.4) 7 (31.8) 4 (18.2)
Uric acid, mg/dL 0.0–0.7 0.2 (0.0–1.8) NA 8 (36.4)
LDH, U/L 270–494 399 (247–1672) 0 10 (45.5)
AST, U/L 118–398 228 (111–987) 0 9 (40.9)
ALT, U/L 13–54 33 (15–541) 0 11 (50.0)
GGT, U/L 21–48 39 (18–876) 0 10 (45.5)
Carbon dioxide, mEq/L 17–28 24 (9–34) 3 (13.6) 4 (18.2)
Inorganic phosphate, mg/dL 3.9–5.9 5.1 (3.2–7.5) 6 (27.3) 9 (40.9)
Alkaline phosphatase, U/L 158–556 240 (36–1070) 8 (36.4) 3 (13.6)
Cholesterol, mg/dL 153–262 202 (115–382) 9 (40.9) 5 (22.7)
Triglyceride, mg/dL 11–175 95 (27–667) 0 8 (36.4)
CPK, U/L 51–183 122 (24–596) 5 (22.7) 9 (40.9)

*PIV, parainfluenza virus; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; NA, not available; LDH, lactate dehydrogenase; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; GGT, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase; CPK, creatine phosphokinase.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.

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