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Volume 14, Number 6—June 2008

Dispatch

Nosocomial Outbreaks Caused by Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides

Germán Bou*Comments to Author , Jesús Luis Saleta*, Juan Antonio Sáez Nieto†, Mar Tomás*, Silvia Valdezate†, Dolores Sousa*, Francisco Lueiro*, Rosa Villanueva*, Maria Jose Pereira*, and Pedro Llinares*
Author affiliations: *Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Juan Canalejo, La Coruña, Spain; †Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain;

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Table 1

Clinical features of the case-control patients in the first outbreak of Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides infection, La Coruña, Spain, 2003–2004

Diagnosis* No. cases (%), n = 42 No. controls (%), n = 61
Newborns 11 (26.2) 17 (27.9)
Adults (>1 y)
31 (73.8)
44 (72.1)
Tumors
Solid 9 (21.4) 13 (21.31)
Leukemia/lymphoma/myeloma
1/5/0 (2.38/11.9/0)
3/4/3 (4.92/6.56/4.92)
Digestive tract disease
Pancreatitis 3 (7.14) 0
Necrotizing enterocolitis 2 (4.76) 1 (1.64)
Ulcerous colitis/Crohn disease 1/1 (2.38/2.38) 0/1 (0/1.64)
Cholecystitis 2 (4.76) 1 (1.64)
Bowel perforation 3 (7.14) 0
Bowel atresia 2 (4.76) 1 (1.64)
Bowel fistula
2 (4.76)
1 (1.64)
Prematurity 3 (7.14) 11 (18.03)
Infections† 3 (7.14) 2 (3.28)
Cardiopathy 2 (4.76) 3 (4.92)
Chylothorax 4 (9.52) 0
Brain vascular disease 3 (7.14) 8 (13.11)
Immunosupression 18 (48.9) 36 (59.0)
Others 3 (7.14) 9 (14.75)

*Each patient may have >1 diagnosis.
†Concomitant with Leuconostoc infection.

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