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Volume 14, Number 6—June 2008

Dispatch

Syphilis and Hepatitis B Co-infection among HIV-Infected, Sex-Trafficked Women and Girls, Nepal

Jay G. Silverman*Comments to Author , Michele R. Decker*, Jhumka Gupta*, Ashwin Dharmadhikari†, George R. Seage*, and Anita Raj‡
Author affiliations: *Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; †Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston; ‡Boston University School of Public Health, Boston;

Main Article

Table 1

Prevalence and likelihood of infection with syphilis or hepatitis B, by HIV serostatus, among sex-trafficked women and girls, Nepal

Syphilis (n = 235) HIV status, no. (%)* Syphilis positive,
no. (%)† Syphilis negative,
no. (%)† McNemar test statistic OR (95% CI)†
HIV positive 71 (30.2) 22 (31.0) 49 (69.0) 6.45, p<0.05 1.88 (1.17–3.03)
HIV negative 164 (69.8) 26 (15.9) 138 (84.1) Referent
Total 235 48 (20.4)§
187(79.6)§
Hepatitis B (n = 210)

Hepatitis B positive, no. (%)†
Hepatitis B negative, no. (%)†


HIV positive 66 (31.4) 6 (9.1) 60 (90.9) 52.4, p<0.0001 30.0 (7.32–122.73)
HIV negative 144 (68.6) 2 (1.4) 142 (98.6) Referent
Total 210 8 (3.8)‡ 202 (96.1)‡

*Percentages based on HIV serostatus.
†OR, odds ratio, CI, confidence interval.
‡Percentages based on total sample tested for HIV and syphilis or hepatitis B.

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