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Volume 14, Number 8—August 2008

Research

Community Strains of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus as Potential Cause of Healthcare-associated Infections, Uruguay, 2002–2004

Stephen R. Benoit*Comments to Author , Concepción Estivariz*, Cristina Mogdasy†, Walter Pedreira‡, Antonio Galiana‡, Alvaro Galiana§, Homero Bagnulo‡, Rachel Gorwitz*, Gregory E. Fosheim*, Linda K. McDougal*, and Daniel Jernigan*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Asociación Española, Montevideo, Uruguay; ‡Hospital Maciel, Montevideo; §Hospital Pereira Rossell, Montevideo;

Main Article

Table 2

Infection type for 182 hospitalized patients with community-onset CA-MRSA infections, centers A–D, Uruguay, 2003–2004*

Infection type†Total no. (%) infections, 
N = 269Healthcare-onset no. (%), n = 45Community-onset no. (%), n = 224p value
Skin (any)169 (63)10 (22)159 (71)<0.0001
Impetigo29227
Foliculitis/pustule303
Abscess65362
Furunculosis909
Hidradenitis101
Cellulitis49247
Abrasion404
Pressure wound404
Trauma wound330
Burn/necrotic lesion
2
0
2

Respiratory36 (13)17 (38)19 (9)<0.0001
Pneumonia‡341618
Pleuritis110
Pleural abscess
1
0
1

Bacteremia
24 (9)
3 (7)
21 (9)
0.78
Surgical site
23 (9)
12 (27)
11 (5)
<0.0001
Organ/space11 (4)1 (2)10 (4)0.70
Septic arthritis615
Osteomyelitis/myositis
5
0
5

Indwelling devices3 (1)1 (2)2 (1)0.42
Catheter infection101
Arteriovenous fistula infection
2
1
1

Otitis
2 (<1)
1 (2)
1 (<1)
0.31
Cerebral ventriculitis1 (<1)01 (<1)1.00

*CA-MRSA, community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
†Infections are not mutually exclusive (269 infections in 182 patients).
‡Pneumonia or tracheobronchitis.

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