Deaths from Bacterial Pneumonia during 1918–19 Influenza Pandemic
Figure 1. Percentage distributions of fatal cases of influenza–pneumonia during 1918–19 influenza pandemics, by estimated days of illness before death. A) Influenza–bronchopneumonia, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA (n = 599) (estimated from chart 2 in ). B) Australian Imperial Forces, 1918 (n = 972) (G.D. Shanks, unpub. data). C) General population, Prussia (n = 6,223) (22). D) US Army autopsy series (n = 94) (estimated from supplementary Figure 2 in ). E) Influenza with secondary staphylococcal pneumonias, Fort Jackson, South Carolina, USA (n = 153) (interpolation of data in Table 1 in ). F) New South Wales, Australia (n = 3,866) (20). G) US Army training camp, Camp Pike, Arkansas, USA (n = 234) (5). Horizontal bars indicate interquartile ranges; vertical lines indicate medians.