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Volume 14, Number 8—August 2008

Research

Puumala Hantavirus Excretion Kinetics in Bank Voles (Myodes glareolus)

Jonas Hardestam*†1Comments to Author , Malin Karlsson*1, Kerstin I. Falk*†, Gert Olsson*‡§, Jonas Klingström*†, and Åke Lundkvist*†
Author affiliations: *Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna, Sweden; †Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; ‡Swedish Defence Research Agency, Umeå, Sweden; §Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå;

Main Article

Table 1

Detection of PUUV RNA over time in excreta from bank voles subcutaneously inoculated with PUUV strain Kazan wild type*

Bank vole no.Excretion typeDetection of PUUV RNA in excreta by time, d
1234891114162128354449566370778491133
1
Saliva+++
UrineNTNTNTNTNTNT+NTNTNTNTNTNT
Feces






+




+









2
Saliva++++++++
UrineNTNTNTNTNTNTNTNTNTNTNTNTNT
Feces









+
+

+








3
Saliva++++++++++++
UrineNTNTNT+NT+NT+NTNTNTNTNTNTNT
Feces








+
+
+










4†
Saliva+++
UrineNTNTNTNT+
Feces







+
+
+











5‡
Saliva++++++++
UrineNTNTNTNT++NTNTNTNTNTNTNTNTNT
Feces








+

+










6
Saliva+++++++++-+
UrineNTNTNTNTNT+NTNT+NTNTNT-NT
Feces








+
+


+








7
Saliva++++++++
UrineNTNTNTNT+++NTNTNTNTNTNT
Feces







+
+
+

-









8
Saliva++++++++
UrineNTNT+NTNTNT
Feces







+











–-

9†
Saliva++
UrineNTNTNT++
Feces








–-
+











10§Saliva+++++++
UrineNTNTNTNTNTNT+++
Feces

*PUUV, Puumala virus; –, negative; +, positive, NT, not tested (no or insufficient urine volume).
†Died on day 21 postinfection.
‡Died on day 112 postinfection.
§Died on day 35 postinfection.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

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