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Volume 15, Number 10—October 2009

Research

Nosocomial Outbreak of Novel Arenavirus Infection, Southern Africa

Janusz T. Paweska, Nivesh H. Sewlall, Thomas G. Ksiazek, Lucille H. Blumberg, Martin J. Hale, W. Ian Lipkin, Jacqueline Weyer, Stuart T. Nichol, Pierre E. Rollin, Laura K. McMullan, Christopher D. Paddock, Thomas Briese, Joy Mnyaluza, Thu-Ha Dinh, Victor Mukonka, Pamela Ching, Adriano Duse, Guy Richards, Gillian de Jong, Cheryl Cohen, Bridget Ikalafeng, Charles Mugero, Chika Asomugha, Mirriam M. Malotle, Dorothy M. Nteo, Eunice Misiani, Robert SwanepoelComments to Author , Sherif R. Zaki, Investigation Teams1, and members of the Outbreak Control
Author affiliations: National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Sandringham, South Africa (J.T. Paweska, L.H. Blumberg, J. Weyer, G de Jong, C. Cohen, R. Swanepoel); University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (N.H. Sewlall, M.J. Hale, A. Duse); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia, USA (T.G. Ksiazek, S.T. Nichol, P.E. Rollin, L.K. McMullan, C.D. Paddock, T.-H. Dinh, S.R. Zaki); Columbia University, New York, New York, USA (W.I. Lipkin, T. Briese); Gauteng Department of Health, Johannesburg (J. Mnyaluza, B. Ikalafeng, C. Asomugha); CDC Global AIDS Program, Pretoria, South Africa (T.-H. Dinh); Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia (V. Mukonka); CDC Global AIDS Program, Lusaka (P. Ching); Charlotte Maxeke Hospital, Johannesburg (G. Richards); National Department of Health, Pretoria (C. Mugero, E. Misiani); Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Johannesburg (M.M. Malotle, D.M. Nteo); University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA (T.G. Ksiasek)

Main Article

Figure 3

Neighbor-joining tree reconstructed by using bootstrap analysis with 1,000 pseudoreplicate datasets showing the phylogenetic relationship of known arenaviruses (data derived from GenBank) to the novel Lujo arenavirus from southern Africa (boldface), inferred from a 619-nt region of the 5′ end of the nucleoprotein gene. GenBank accession numbers for nucleotide sequence data are shown on the tree. Scale bar indicates 5% divergence.

Figure 3. Neighbor-joining tree reconstructed by using bootstrap analysis with 1,000 pseudoreplicate datasets showing the phylogenetic relationship of known arenaviruses (data derived from GenBank) to the novel Lujo arenavirus from southern Africa (boldface), inferred from a 619-nt region of the 5′ end of the nucleoprotein gene. GenBank accession numbers for nucleotide sequence data are shown on the tree. Scale bar indicates 5% divergence.

Main Article

1Members of the Outbreak Control and Investigation Teams: F. Abrahams, T. Aseko, F.G. Benson, M. Bush, D. Cannon, A. Cengimbo, G. Chetty, L. Chibesakunda, C. Chisembele, J.A. Comer, A. Craig, C. De Meyer, J. Erasmus, S.M. Dickerson, E. Farnon, A.A. Grobbelaar, A. Hayward, M. Hoohlo, P. Jansen van Vuren, A. Kemp, G. Kocher, J. Koethe, P.A. Leman, W. Lubinda, R. Lynen, C. Malibata, A. Marumo, B. Matapo, T.J. Meade, D. Miller, M. Monze, V.C. Mtonga, P. Mwaba, A. Mweene, M. Naidu, T. Nemungadi, C. Oranmore-Brown, C.S. Pak, R.M. Phillips, W. Ramakrishna, Z. Reed, S. Ri, G. Richards, K. Robinson, C. Smith, G. Sharp, G.B. Song, L. van der Walt, C. Villar, L. Wamunyima.

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