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Volume 15, Number 11—November 2009

Perspective

Risk of Importing Zoonotic Diseases through Wildlife Trade, United States

Boris I. PavlinComments to Author , Lisa M. Schloegel, and Peter Daszak
Author affiliations: World Health Organization, Palikir, Federated States of Micronesia (B.I. Pavlin); Wildlife Trust, New York, New York, USA (L.M. Schloegel, P. Daszak)

Main Article

Table 2

Risk zoonoses capable of infecting the greatest number of imported mammal genera

Pathogen No. (%) affected genera* No. (%) potentially affected genera†
Rabies viruses‡ 78 (41) 155 (82)
Bacillus anthracis 57 (30) 113 (59)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex‡ 48 (25) 124 (65)
Echinococcus spp. 41 (22) 89 (47)
Leptospira spp. 35 (18) 131 (69)
Brucella spp. 32 (17) 95 (50)
Francisella tularensis 31 (16) 115 (61)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus 27 (14) 91 (48)
Yersinia pestis 24 (13) 101 (53)
Coxiella burnetii 20 (11) 108 (57)

*Risk zoonosis (relevant zoonotic disease at risk for importation into the United States) identified in genus; n = 190.
†Risk zoonosis identified in different genus within same family; n = 190.
‡Risk zoonoses, relevant zoonotic diseases at risk for importation into the United States. Refer to Table 1 footnote for explanation of pathogen complexes.

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