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Volume 15, Number 12—December 2009

Dispatch

Mopeia Virus–related Arenavirus in Natal Multimammate Mice, Morogoro, Tanzania

Stephan GüntherComments to Author , Guy Hoofd, Remi Charrel, Christina Röser, Beate Becker-Ziaja, Graham Lloyd, Christopher Sabuni, Ron Verhagen, Guido van der Groen, Jan Kennis, Abdul Katakweba, Rhodes Makundi, Herwig Leirs, and Robert Machang'u
Author affiliations: Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany (S. Günther, B. Becker-Ziaja); Institute of Tropical Medicine Leopold II, Antwerp, Belgium (G. Hoofd, G. van der Groen); Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France (R. Charrel); Artus Company, Hamburg (C. Röser); Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Salisbury, UK (G. Lloyd); Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania (C. Sabuni, A. Katakweba, R. Machang’u, R. Makundi); University of Antwerp Department of Biology, Antwerp (R. Verhagen, J. Kennis, H. Leirs); University of Aarhus Department of Integrated Pest Management, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark (H. Leirs)

Main Article

Table 1

Detection of African arenavirus-specific antibodies in small mammals in Tanzania, 1985–1989*

Genus Antibody detection† by region (no. positive/no. tested)
Total
Arusha Iringa Lindi Mbeya Morogoro Mtwara Ruvuma Songea Tanga
Acomys 0/3 0/2 0/2 0/57 0/2 0/66
Aethomys 0/3 0/4 0/23 0/11 0/7 0/8 0/56
Arvicanthis 0/13 6/30 0/87 6/130
Cricetomys 0/35 0/35
Lemniscomys 0/5 1/2 1/2 1/30 0/2 0/1 3/42
Lophuromys 0/3 0/1 0/3 0/7 0/14
Mastomys 7/39 0/17 1/120 0/12 181/1,054 0/81 0/8 0/25 0/82 189/1,438
Mus 0/1 0/1 1/47 1/49
Praomys 0/3 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/6
Rattus 0/24 0/1 0/49 0/20 0/3 0/15 0/196 0/308
Tatera 0/1 0/1 0/32 0/127 0/69 0/11 0/3 0/244
Uranomys 0/11 0/11
Sciuridae 0/13 0/2 0/2 0/10 0/27
Crocidura 1/14 1/14
Petrodomus 0/9 0/18 0/27
13 other genera

0/1
0/2
0/7
0/21
0/20


0/2
0/53
Total 7/61 7/62 2/208 0/24 184/1,474 0/223 0/32 0/51 0/385 200/2,520

*Positive samples as well as the respective sampling sites and animals are indicated in boldface.
†Immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) assay was performed with Lassa virus–infected cells (cut-off titer 16).
‡Fifty IFA assay–positive serum samples were randomly selected and tested by immunoblotting. Presence of African arenavirus–specific antibodies, as defined by reactivity with Lassa virus nucleoprotein and glycoprotein 2, was confirmed in 47 serum specimens.

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