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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Research

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Zambia

Patricia C.A.M. BuijtelsComments to Author , Marianne A.B. van der Sande, Cas S. de Graaff, Shelagh Parkinson, Henri A. Verbrugh, Pieter L.C. Petit, and Dick van Soolingen
Author affiliations: Medical Centre Rijnmond-Zuid, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (P.C.A.M. Buijtels); University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam (P.C.A.M. Buijtels, H.A. Verbrugh); National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (M.A.B. van der Sande, D. van Soolingen); Medical Centre Alkmaar, Alkmaar, the Netherlands (C.S. de Graaff); St. Francis Hospital, Katete, Zambia (S. Parkinson); Vlietland Hospital, Schiedam, the Netherlands (P.L.C. Petit)

Main Article

Table 4

Clinical data for samples obtained from NTM-positive and NTM-negative persons, Zambia, August 2002–March 2003*

Characteristic NTM-positive samples NTM-negative samples p value All samples
Persons, no. (%) 93 (16.5) 472 (83.5) 565
HIV positive, no. (%) 41 (45.6) 174 (38.5) 0.2 215 (39.7)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, no. (%) 13 (14.0) 62 (13.1) 0.8 75 (13.3)
BMI, mean (SD) 20.2 (4.2) 20.8 (3.7) 0.2 20.7 (3.8)
Underweight, no. (%) 26 (29.6) 92 (20.6) 0.06 118 (22.1)
Vomited, no. (%) 8 (8.6) 18 (3.8) 0.04 26 (4.6)
Diarrhea, no. (%) 12 (12.9) 11 (2.3) <0.001 23 (4.7)
Lymph nodes analyzed, no. (%) 21 (22.8) 146 (30.9) 0.1 167 (29.6)
Chest radiograph compatible with TB but culture negative for M. tuberculosis, no. (%) 5 (26.3) 28 (7.1) 0.003 33 (8.0)
Died, no. (%) 9 (9.7) 26 (5.5) 0.1 35 (6.2)

*NTM, nontuberculous mycobacteria; BMI, body mass index; TB, tuberculosis.

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