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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Dispatch

European Bat Lyssavirus Transmission among Cats, Europe

Laurent DacheuxComments to Author , Florence Larrous, Alexandra Mailles, Didier Boisseleau, Olivier Delmas, Charlotte Biron, Christiane Bouchier, Isabelle Capek, Michel Muller, Frédéric Ilari, Tanguy Lefranc, François Raffi, Maryvonne Goudal, and Hervé Bourhy
Author affiliations: Institut Pasteur, Paris, France (L. Dacheux, F. Larrous, O. Delmas, C. Bouchier, M. Goudal, H. Bourhy); Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice, France (A. Mailles, I. Capek); Direction Départementale des Services Vétérinaires de la Vendée, La Roche-sur-Yon, France (D. Boisseleau); Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nantes, Nantes, France (C. Biron, F. Raffi); Clinique Vétérinaire du Bas-Poitou, Fontenay-le-Comte, France (M. Muller); Clinique Vétérinaire Roosevelt, Vannes, France (F. Ilari, T. Lefranc)

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Table 1

Confirmed cases of EBLV spillover transmission to terrestrial mammals and humans, Europe*

Host (no. cases) Year of isolation Location Clinical signs or disease Techniques used for rabies diagnosis on original brain samples
EBLV type
FAT RTCIT MIT ELISA RT-PCR
Sheep† (4) 1998 Western Jutland, Denmark Neurologic disorders + (weak) + (1 of 4 sheep) ND + (only 1 sheep tested) 1a
Stone marten‡ (1) 2001 Burg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany No obvious clinical signs – (repeated testing) + (weak) + ND + 1a
Sheep† (1) 2002 Western Jutland, Denmark Neurologic disorders + + ND ND 1a
Domestic cat§ (1), cat no. 1 2003 Vannes, Morbihan, France Emaciated, moderate dehydration, FIV detected – (repeated testing) – (after 3 cell culture passages) + + 1b
Domestic cat§ (1), cat no. 2 2007 Fontenay-le-Comte, Vendée, France Neurologic disorders, aggressive + (weak) + (weak after 2 cell culture passages) + + (variable) + 1a
Man, 30 y of age (1) 1985 Helsinki, Finland Rabies + + + ND ND 2
Girl, 11 y of age (1) 1985 Belgorod, Russia Rabies ND + ND ND 1a
Man, 55 y of age (1) 2002 Angus, Scotland Rabies + + + ND + 2

*EBLV, European bat lyssavirus; FAT, direct immunofluorescence antibody test; RTCIT, rabies tissue culture infection test; MIT, mouse inoculation test; RT-PCR, reverse transcription–PCR; ND, not determined; FIV, feline immunodeficiency virus.
Ovis aries.
Martes foina.
§Felis domesticus.

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