Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Research

Imported Malaria in Children in Industrialized Countries, 1992–2002

Katrin Stäger, Fabrice Legros, Gérard Krause, Nicola Low, David Bradley, Meghna Desai, Simone Graf, Stefania D’Amato, Yasutaka Mizuno, Ragnhild Janzon, Eskild Petersen, John Kester, Robert Steffen, and Patricia SchlagenhaufComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland (K. Stäger, R. Steffen, P. Schlagenhauf); Centre National de Référence de l'Epidémiologie du Paludisme d'Importation et Autochthone, Paris, France (F. Legros); Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany (G. Krause); University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland (N. Low); Health Protection Agency, London, UK (D. Bradley); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (M. Desai); Swiss Federal Office of Public Health, Bern (S. Graf); Ministero della Salute, Rome, Italy (S. D’Amato); Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (Y. Mizuno); Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna, Sweden (R. Janzon); Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark (E. Petersen); United Nations World Tourism Organization, Madrid, Spain (J. Kester)

Main Article

Table 5

Plasmodium species causing imported malaria in children in 10 of 11 industrialized countries, 1992–2002*

Country Total no. cases
Including cases caused by mixed or unknown species Excluding cases caused by mixed or unknown species Cases caused by known species, no. (%)
P. falciparum P. vivax P. ovale P. malariae
Denmark 257 243 146 (56.8) 74 (28.8) 17 (6.6) 6 (2.3)
France 6,618 6,275 5,502 (83.1) 282 (4.3) 365 (5.5) 126 (1.9)
Germany† 757 685 512 (67.7) 140 (18.5) 16 (2.1) 17 (2.2)
Italy‡ 407 402 335 (82.3) 34 (8.4) 19 (4.7) 14 (3.4)
Japan 45 40 15 (33.3) 19 (42.2) 5 (11.1) 1 (2.2)
Netherlands 420 349 237 (56.4) 74 (17.6) 23 (5.5) 15 (3.6)
Sweden§ 155 142 93 (60.0) 33 (21.3) 9 (5.8) 7 (4.5)
Switzerland 416 368 273 (65.6) 71 (17.1) 13 (3.1) 11 (2.6)
United Kingdom 3,816 3,770 2,502 (65.6) 1,033 (27.1) 175 (4.6) 60 (1.6)
United States
2,614
2,397

1,225 (46.9)
982 (37.6)
65 (2.5)
125 (4.8)
Total 15,505 14,671 10,840 (69.9) 2,742 (17.7) 707 (4.6) 382 (2.5)

*All children were <18 years of age, except in the United Kingdom, where data were available only for children <17 years of age. No data were available from Australia.
†Data from 1993–2002 only.
‡Data from 1998–2002 only.
§Data from 1997–2002 only.

Main Article

TOP