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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Dispatch

Effect of Free Treatment and Surveillance on HIV-Infected Persons Who Have Tuberculosis, Taiwan, 1993–2006

Shu-Hui Tseng, Donald Dah-Shyong Jiang, Hao-Seong Hoi, Hsiu-Yun Lo, and Kao-Pin HwangComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control Department of Health, Taipei, Taiwan (S.-H. Tseng, D.D.-S. Jiang, H.-S. Hoi, H.-Y. Lo); Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (S.-H. Tseng); Chang Gung Memorial Hospital—Kaohsiung Medical Center, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (K.-P. Hwang)

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of 660 persons coinfected with HIV and TB, Taiwan, 1993–2006*

Characteristics No. (%) persons p value†
Sex <0.0001
M 612 (92.7)
F
48 (7.3)

Age, y <0.0001
<45 498 (75.5)
>45
162 (24.5)

Sputum smear (n = 484) <0.0001
Negative 287 (59.3)
Positive
197 (40.7)

Sputum culture (n = 340) 0.0172
Negative 148 (43.5)
Positive
192 (56.5)

Pulmonary radiograph results (n = 531) <0.0001
Normal 54 (10.2)
Abnormal
477 (89.8)

Extrapulmonary TB‡ <0.0001
Yes 73 (11.1)
No
587 (88.9)

Risk behavior (n = 554) <0.0001
Sexual 513 (92.6)
Injection drug user
41 (7.4)

Sexual behavior (n = 566) 0.0004
Heterosexual 325 (57.4)
Homosexual or bisexual
241 (42.6)

Highly active antiretroviral therapy‡ (n = 534) <0.0001
1998–2006 (free) 493 (92.3)
1993–1996 (not free)
41 (7.7)

National web-based surveillance reporting and management system (n = 520) <0.0001
2002–2006 (available) 386 (74.2)
1998–2000 (not available)
134 (25.8)

Outcome§ (n = 606) <0.0001
Survival 522 (86.1)
Death 84 (13.9)

*TB, tuberculosis.
†χ2 goodness-of-fit test with type I error = 0.05 used to examine differences in demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics.
‡Definition following World Health Organization guideline (1).
§Tracking for 1 year from report of TB diagnosis.

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