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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Letter

Viral Etiology of Common Cold in Children, Finland

Aino RuoholaComments to Author , Matti Waris, Tobias Allander, Thedi Ziegler, Terho Heikkinen, and Olli Ruuskanen
Author affiliations: Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland (A. Ruohola, T. Heikkinen, O. Ruuskanen); University of Turku, Turku (M. Waris); Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden (T. Allander); National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland (T. Ziegler)

Main Article

Table

Positive viral findings in 194 children with newly onset uncomplicated common cold, Finland, 1996–1998

Virus No. (%) positive*
Rhinovirus 91 (47)
Rhinovirus and human bocavirus 13 (7)
Rhinovirus and adenovirus 11 (6)
Rhinovirus and enterovirus 6 (3)
Human bocavirus 5 (3)
Enterovirus 5 (3)
Respiratory syncytial virus 5 (3)
Influenza C virus 4 (2)
Parainfluenza virus 3 4 (2)
Rhinovirus, adenovirus, and enterovirus 3 (2)
Coronavirus NL63 2 (1)
Human metapneumovirus 2 (1)
Coronavirus 229E or OC43 2 (1)
Rhinovirus and parainfluenza virus 3 2 (1)
Rhinovirus and influenza A virus 2 (1)
Human bocavirus and enterovirus 2 (1)
Adenovirus and enterovirus 2 (1)
Rhinovirus, adenovirus, and coronavirus NL63 2 (1)
Rhinovirus, human bocavirus, adenovirus, and enterovirus 2 (1)
Influenza A virus 1 (1)
Influenza B virus 1 (1)
Coronavirus HKU1 1 (1)
Rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus 1 (1)
Rhinovirus and coronavirus NL63 1 (1)
Rhinovirus and parainfluenza virus 1 1 (1)
Human bocavirus and respiratory syncytial virus 1 (1)
Human bocavirus and coronavirus NL63 1 (1)
Human bocavirus and influenza C virus 1 (1)
Adenovirus and respiratory syncytial virus 1 (1)
Coronavirus NL63 and influenza A virus 1 (1)
Rhinovirus, human bocavirus, and influenza C virus 1 (1)
Rhinovirus, adenovirus, and human metapneumovirus 1 (1)
Rhinovirus, human bocavirus, adenovirus, and coronavirus HKU1
1 (1)
Total positive 179 (92)
Total negative 15 (8)
Total children sampled 194 (100)

*Percentages rounded to nearest whole number.

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