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Volume 15, Number 4—April 2009

Dispatch

Rift Valley Fever, Mayotte, 2007–2008

Daouda SissokoComments to Author , Claude Giry, Philippe Gabrie, Arnaud Tarantola, François Pettinelli, Louis Collet, Eric D’Ortenzio, Philippe Renault, and Vincent Pierre
Author affiliations: Cellule Interrégionale d’Épidémiologie de la Réunion et Mayotte, la Réunion (D. Sissoko, E. D’Ortenzio, P. Renault, V. Pierre); Centre Hospitalier de Mayotte, Mayotte (C. Giry, P. Gabrie, F. Pettinelli, L. Collet); Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint Maurice, France (A. Tarantola)

Main Article

Table

Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings of 10 case-patients with confirmed recent Rift Valley fever virus infection, Mayotte, France, September 2007–May 2008*

Case-patient no. Age, y/sex, occupation Identified source of exposure(s) Onset date; early signs and symptoms Laboratory findings
1 47/M, gardener Herding animals 2007 Sep 27; 1-day history of fever, arthralgia, body pain RT-PCR positive, AST 9N, ALT 4N
2 42/F, shopkeeper Contact with aborted animal 2008 Jan 5; 2-day history of fever, headache, malaise RT-PCR positive
3 21/M, unknown Unknown 2008 Jan 19; chronic hepatitis B, 3-day-history of fever, arthralpgia, and headache RT-PCR positive, AST 4 N, ALT 3N, elevated CPK level, thrombocytopenia
4 19/M, farmer and herder of animals Milked animal 2008 Jan 21; 2-day history of fever, joint pain, headache, malaise RT-PCR positive
5 16/M, student Killed and skinned sick animals 2008 Jan 21; 2-day history of fever, joint pain, headache RT-PCR positive
6 44/M, unemployed Mosquito breeding sites in rural household 2008 Mar 13; 2-day history of fever, body aches; hepatic encephalopathy RT-PCR positive (threshold values), RVF IgM positive
7 19/M, student Undetermined 2008 Mar 19; 1-day history of fever, myalgia, retro-orbital pain, joint pain, body aches, malaise RT-PCR positive
8 24/M, handyman Numerous mosquito breeding sites in household 2008 Mar 28; 5-day history of fever, joint pain, myalgia, nausea/vomiting RT-PCR positive at threshold, RVF IgM positive, thrombocyopenia
9 32/M, construction worker Mosquito breeding sites in rural household 2008 May 5; 7-day history of fever, myalgia, joint and body pain, malaise RVF IgM positive, elevated ALT, AST, and CPK levels
10 53/M, farmer Slaughtering and butchering animals 2008 May 14; 5-day history of fever, joint pain, body aches and symptoms of right-sided heart failure, discharge diagnosis of pericarditis; new episode of fever, fatigue, and shortness of breath 30 days later and screening for RVF RVF IgM positive

*RT-PCR; reverse transcription–PCR; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; N, upper limit of normal titers; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; CPK, creatine phosphokinase; RVF, Rift Valley fever; Ig, immunoglobulin.

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