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Volume 15, Number 4—April 2009

Research

Exotic Small Mammals as Potential Reservoirs of Zoonotic Bartonella spp.

Kai Inoue, Soichi MaruyamaComments to Author , Hidenori Kabeya, Keiko Hagiya, Yasuhito Izumi, Yumi Une, and Yasuhiro Yoshikawa
Author affiliations: Nihon University, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan (K. Inoue, S. Maruyama, H. Kabeya, K. Hagiya, Y. Izumi); Azabu University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa (Y. Une); The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan (Y. Yoshikawa)

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Table 1

Prevalence of Bartonella spp. among exotic small mammals imported into Japan as pets, June 2004–October 2007

Origin Animal, taxonomic species No. positive/no. tested (%) Subtotal (%)
Wild-captive
  Asia
     China Spermophilus dauricus* 4/10 (40.0) 42/89 (47.2)
Sciurus vulgaris subsp. orientis* 2/10 (20.0)
Tamias sibiricus* 12/29 (41.4)
Pteromys volans* 5/10 (50.0)
     Thailand Callosciurus notatus* 19/30 (63.3)
North America
     USA Tamiasciurus hudosonicus* 3/18 (16.7) 27/68 (39.7)
Glaucomys volans* 6/10 (60.0)
     Unknown Sp. columbianus* 6/20 (30.0)
Sp. richardsonii* 12/20 (60.0)
Europe
     The Netherlands Pachyuromys duprasi† 13/18 (72.2) 13/47 (27.7)
     The Netherlands, Czech Republic Octodon degus‡§ 0/29 (0.0)
Middle and Near East
     Egypt Mus minutoides† 0/20 (0.0) 55/163 (33.7)
Acomys cahirinus† 3/31 (9.7)
A. russatus† 8/13 (61.5)
Lemniscomys barbarus† 0/11 (0.0)
Psammomys obesus† 6/10 (60.0)
Meriones tristrami† 0/4 (0.0)
Sekeetamys calurus† 10/10 (100)
Gerbillus pyramidum† 9/10 (90.0)
Jaculus orientalis 13/16 (81.3)
J. jaculus 6/8 (75.0)
Hemiechinus auritus# 0/10 (0.0)
     Pakistan Salpingotulus michaelis 0/20 (0.0)

Subtotal
137/367 (37.3)

Breeder facility
Asia
China Tamias sibiricus* 5/30 (16.7) 5/60 (8.3)
Indonesia Petaurus breviceps** 0/20 (0.0)
Thailand Pe. breviceps** 0/10 (0.0)
Europe
The Netherlands Lagurus lagurus† 0/9 (0.0) 0/99
(0.0)
Pa. duprasi† 0/10 (0.0)
Mesocricetus auratus† 0/20 (0.0)
Phodopus roborovskii† 0/10 (0.0)
The Netherlands, Czech Republic Ph. sungorus†‡ 0/30 (0.0)
O. degusठ0/20 (0.0)
Middle and Near East
Pakistan Sa. michaelis 0/20 (0.0) 0/20 (0.0)
Subtotal 5/179 (2.8)
Total 142/546 (26.0)

*Member of the order Rodentia, family Sciuridae.
†Member of the order Rodentia, family Muridae.
‡Data for the Netherlands and Czech Republic are pooled because number of animals from these 2 countries was unknown.
§Member of the order Rodentia, family Octododidae.
¶Member of the order Rodentia, family Dipodidae.
#Member of the order Insectivora, family Erinaceidae.
**Member of the order Diprotodonia, family Petauridae.

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