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Volume 15, Number 7—July 2009

Dispatch

Genetically Diverse Coronaviruses in Wild Bird Populations of Northern England

Laura A. HughesComments to Author , Carol Savage, Clive Naylor, Malcolm Bennett, Julian Chantrey, and Richard Jones
Author affiliations: University of Liverpool, Neston, United Kingdom

Main Article

Table 1

Wild bird species from which oropharyngeal swabs and fecal samples were collected and screened for coronavirus RNA, England

Taxonomic family Common name Latin name No. birds screened
Sulidae
Northern gannet
Morus bassanus
1
Phalacrocoracidae
Great cormorant
Phalacrocorax carbo
2
Ardeidae
Grey heron
Ardea cinerea
35
Anatidae Whooper swan Cygnus cygnus 55
Mute swan Cygnus olor 25
Pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus 3
Greylag goose Anser anser 1
Canada goose Branta canadensis 1
Brent goose Branta bernicla 7
Common shelduck Tadorna tadorna 2
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 34
Northern pintail Anas acuta 9
Northern shoveler Anas clypeata 1
Eurasian wigeon Anas penelope 33
Common teal Anas crecca 18

Common pochard
Aythya ferina
10
Accipitridae
Eurasian sparrowhawk
Accipiter nisus
4
Falconidae
Common kestrel
Falco tinnunculus
1
Rallidae Common moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1

Common coot
Fulica atra
13
Haematopodidae
Eurasian oystercatcher
Haematopus ostralegus
42
Charadriidae
Ringed plover
Charadrius hiaticula
5
Scolopacidae Dunlin Calidris alpina 8
Sanderling Calidris alba 8
Red knot Calidris canutus 14
Ruddy turnstone Arenaria interpres 26
Common redshank Tringa totanus 3

Eurasian woodcock
Scolopax rusticola
3
Laridae Black-headed gull Larus ridibundus 7
Herring gull Larus argentatus 15
Great black-backed gull Larus marinus 1

Lesser black-backed gull
Larus fuscus
2
Sternidae
Common tern
Sterna hirundo
25
Alcidae
Common guillemot
Uria aalge
1
Columbidae Rock dove Columba livia 2

Eurasian collared dove
Streptopelia decaocto
5
Tytonidae
Barn owl
Tyto alba
4
Prunellidae
Dunnock/Hedge accentor
Prunellla modularis
1
Turdidae
Northern wheatear
Oenanthe oenanthe
2
Passeridae
House sparrow
Passer domesticus
4
Fringillidae European greenfinch Carduelis chloris 2
Eurasian siskin Carduelis spinus 5

Main Article

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