Slave Trade and Hepatitis B Virus Genotypes and Subgenotypes in Haiti and Africa
Iris E. Andernach, Claudine Nolte, Jean W. Pape, and Claude P. Muller
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Institute of Immunology, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (I.E. Andernach, C.P. Muller); Groupe d’Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes, Port-au-Prince, Haiti (C. Nolte, J.W. Pape); Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA (J.W. Pape).
Figure 2. . Phylogenetic analysis of selected sequences clustering with subgenotype D4 (A) or D3 (B), based on the S fragment, including potential mixed or recombinant strains (*). Diamonds indicate Haiti sequences; squares indicate Rwanda strains. Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site.
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