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Volume 16, Number 10—October 2010

Research

Oral Fluid Testing during 10 Years of Rubella Elimination, England and Wales

Gayatri Manikkavasagan, Antoaneta Bukasa, Kevin E. Brown, Bernard J. Cohen, and Mary E. RamsayComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliation: Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK

Main Article

Table 2

Reported and confirmed rubella cases in enhanced surveillance program, England and Wales, 1999–2008*

Age, y Total no. reports
No. cases confirmed by oral (crevicular) fluid testing
No. additional cases confirmed by serum testing
M F UNK Total no. (%) M F UNK Total no. (%) M F UNK Total no. (%)
<1 1,823 1,674 23 3,520 (25.0) 10 10 1 21 (15.0) 4 2 1 7 (2.7)
1–4 3,406 2,882 37 6,325 (45.0) 14 9 1 24 (17.0) 19 10 1 30 (11.0)
5–9 1,083 1,005 14 2,102 (15.0) 2 3 0 5 (3.5) 2 2 0 4 (1.5)
10–14 339 298 4 641 (4.6) 3 1 0 4 (0.3) 7 3 1 11 (4.2)
>15 506 729 7 1,242 (8.9) 63 26 0 89 (62.0) 93 109 7 209 (79.0)
UNK
54
56
12
122

0
0
0
0

0
2
0
2
Total no. (%)
7,211 (52.0)
6,644 (48.0)
97
13,952

92 (64.0)
49 (34.0)
2
143

125 (48.0)
128 (48.0)
10
263
*UNK, unknown.

Main Article

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