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Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010

Research

Invasive Haemophilus influenzae Disease, Europe, 1996–2006

Shamez N. LadhaniComments to Author , Mary P.E. Slack, Paul T. Heath, Anne von Gottberg, Manosree Chandra, Mary E. Ramsay, and European Union Invasive Bacterial Infection Surveillance participants1
Author affiliations: Health Protection Agency, London, UK (S. Ladhani, M.P.E. Slack, M. Chandra, M.E. Ramsay); National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa (A. von Gottberg); St. George’s University of London, London (P.T. Heath)

Main Article

Table 1

Incidence of invasive Hib and non–type b Haemophilus influenzae, by country and year of infection, Europe 1996–2006*

Country Incidence (no. cases)
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Total
Austria 0 0.04 (3) 0.06 (5) 0.06 (5) 0.07 (6) 0.05 (19)
England, Wales 0.36 (183) 0.40 (205) 0.47 (244) 0.39 (202) 0.48 (248) 0.52 (274) 0.52 (273) 0.57 (302) 0.46 (245) 0.62 (333) 0.65 (350) 0.50 (2859)
Finland 0.29 (15) 0.29 (15) 0.57 (29) 0.35 (18) 0.64 (33) 0.83 (43) 0.23 (12) 0.54 (28) 0.40 (21) 0.73 (38) 0.52 (27) 0.49 (279)
Greece 0 0.01 (1) 0 0 0.00 (1)
Iceland 1.08 (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.13 (3)
Ireland 0.14 (5) 0.30 (11) 0.17 (6) 0.21 (8) 0.08 (3) 0.23 (9) 0.18 (7) 0.20 (8) 0.35 (14) 0.29 (12) 0.52 (22) 0.25 (105)
Italy 0.05 (26) 0.08 (45) 0.04 (23) 0.03 (15) 0.02 (11) 0.02 (10) 0.01 (3) 0.02 (11) 0.01 (4) 0.02 (11) 0.02 (12) 0.03 (171)
Malta 0 0 0 0 0 0.26 (1) 0 0 0.03 (1)
The Netherlands 0.41 (64) 0.44 (68) 0.45 (70) 0.36 (56) 0.38 (61) 0.44 (71) 0.43 (67) 0.64 (103) 0.49 (80) 0.61 (99) 0.61 (99) 0.48 (838)
Norway 1.51 (67) 1.12 (50) 1.04 (47) 1.39 (63) 0.92 (42) 0.83 (38) 0.85 (39) 1.12 (52) 1.10 (398)
Portugal 0.05 (5) 0.07 (7) 0.15 (15) 0.12 (12) 0.09 (9) 0.08 (8) 0.10 (11) 0.16 (17) 0.10 (84)
Scotland 0 0.04 (2) 0.10 (5) 0.34 (17) 0.55 (28) 0.61 (31) 0.65 (33) 0.57 (29) 0.36 (145)
Slovenia




0.30 (6)
0.80 (16)
0.35 (7)
0.60 (12)
0.60 (12)
0.40 (8)
0.60 (12)
0.52 (73)
Total non–type b H. influenzae incidence 0.22 (293) 0.26 (344) 0.28 (372) 0.24 (374) 0.27 (421) 0.31 (490) 0.28 (461) 0.31 (546) 0.26 (460) 0.33 (589) 0.35 (626) 0.28 (4,976)
Hib incidence




0.12
(182)
0.14
(212)
0.23
(376)
0.21
(380)
0.15
(268)
0.13
(239)
0.09
(168)
0.15
(1,825)
Population, millions 132.5 132.8 132.9 153.9 156.3 156.9 165.6 177.4 178.5 179.8 180.6

*Per 100,000 population. Data for Attiki, Greece (1996–2002); Germany; and Israel were not included because their surveillance was limited to pediatric cases. Hib, H. influenza type b.

Main Article

1European Union Invasive Bacterial Infection Surveillance participants: Peter McIntyre, Lyn Gilbert, Geoff Hogg (Australia); Reinhild Strauss, Sigrid Heuberger (Austria); Germaine Hanquet, Francoise Crokaert (Belgium); Pavla Krizova, Vera Lebedova (Czech Republic); Kåre Mølbak, Jens Jørgen Christensen (Denmark); Kuulo Kutsar, Unna Joks (Estonia); Elja Herva, Tarja Kaijalainen, Maija Leinonen, Petri Ruutu (Finland); Agnes Lepoutre, Henri Dabernat (France); Anette Siedler, Heinz-J. Schmitt (Germany); Marie Theodoridou, Anastasia Pangalis, Georgina Tzanakaki (Greece); Miklos Fuzi, Katalin Krisztalovics (Hungary); Thorolfur Gudnason, Hjordis Hardardottir (Iceland); Mary Cafferkey, Suzanne Cotter, Darina O'Flanagan (Republic of Ireland); Ron Dagan (Israel); Marina Cerquetti, Marta Ciofi degli Atti (Italy); Irina Lucenko (Latvia); Grazina Rimseliene, Snieguole Dauksiene (Lithuania); Pierette Huberty-Krau, Francois Schneider (Luxembourg); Jackie Maistre Melillo (Malta); Sabine de Greeff, Hester de Melker, Lodewijk Spanjaard (Netherlands); Hans Blystad, E. Arne Hoiby, Øistein Løvoll (Norway); Andrzej Zielinski, Waleria Hryniewicz, Anna Skoczynska, Marcin Kadlubowski (Poland); Laurinda Queirós, Paula Lavado (Portugal); Claire Cameron, Barbara Denham, Fiona Johnston (Scotland); Margareta Slacikova, Elena Novakova (Slovak Republic); Alenka Kraigher, Metka Paragi (Slovenia); Jose Campos, Javier Diez-Domingo (Spain); Rose-Marie Carlsson, Birgitta Henriques Normark (Sweden); Hans-Peter Zimmermann (Switzerland).

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