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Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010

Research

Economic Cost Analysis of West Nile Virus Outbreak, Sacramento County, California, USA, 2005

Loren M. Barber, Jerome J. Schleier, and Robert K.D. PetersonComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Estimated inpatient and outpatient economic costs of WNND cases, Sacramento County, California, 2005*

Item
Cost per case†
No. cases to which cost applies‡
% Cases to which cost applies§
Total cost for all cases
Total cost if treatment/service were used in all cases
Inpatient treatment costs $33,143 46 100 $1,524,570 $1,524,570
Outpatient costs Cost per case¶
Outpatient hospital treatment $333 17 36 $5,668 $15,337
Physician visits $450 46 100 $20,708 $20,708
Outpatient physical therapy $909 46 100 $41,810 $41,810
Occupational therapy $4,037 3 7 $12,111 $185,699
Speech therapy $588 1 1 $588 $27,032
Total



$80,885
$290,586
Nursing home costs Cost#
Nursing home stay** $190 2 4 $36,195 $36,195
Transportation $65 46 100 $2,977 $2,977
Home health aides, babysitters, etc. $1,569 7 14 $10,983 $505,211
Total



$50,154
$544,383
Total for WNND $2,140,409 $2,844,339

*WNND, West Nile neuroinvasive disease; BLS, Bureau of Labor Statistics of the US Department of Labor.
†Estimated by using 2005 data from California’s Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (J. Teague and J. Morgan, pers. comm.).
‡WNND cases from the total number of cases reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (3).
§See (10).
¶Estimated by using data from Zohrabian et al. (10) and updated using data from the US Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) (1315).
#Estimated by using data from MetLife Mature Market Institute (16), Zohrabian et al. (10), and BLS (1315).
**Average length of nursing home stay was 96 days.

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