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Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010

Perspective

Potential for Tick-borne Bartonelloses

Emmanouil Angelakis, Sarah A. Billeter, Edward B. Breitschwerdt, Bruno B. Chomel, and Didier RaoultComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France (E. Angelakis, D. Raoult); North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA (S.A. Billeter, E.B. Breitschwerdt); University of California School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, California, USA (B.B. Chomel)

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Table 1

Ticks in which Bartonella spp. DNA has been found*

Tick genus and species Prevalence of Bartonella spp. DNA in ticks, %/no. Identified Bartonella spp. Target gene Reference
Amblyomma americanum 0.43/466 individuals B. tamiae–like IGS (3)
Carios kelleyi 3.2/31 individuals Resembling B. henselae IGS (11)
Dermacentor occidentalis 8.3/12 pools Bartonella spp. gltA (12)
D. reticulatus 21.4/84 individuals B. henselae (99% homology) and B. quintana (90% homology) groEL (13)
D. variabilis 14.3/ 7 pools Bartonella spp. gltA (12)
Haemaphysalis flava 2.7/74 pools Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (14)
H. longicornis 4.4/1,173 pools Bartonella spp.; 1 pool harbored B. rattimassiliensis (99.2%), 1 pool harbored B. tribocorum (98.3%) 16S rRNA (14)
H. longicornis 36/150 groups (60 individual fed adults, 30 pools of 2 unfed adults, and 60 pools of 5 nymphs) Bartonella spp. gltA (15)
Ixodes nipponensis 5.0/20 pools Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (14)
I. pacificus 19.2 of 151 individuals B. henselae, B. quintana, B. washoensis, B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii, and a Bartonella cattle strain gltA (16)
I. pacificus 11.6/224 pools Bartonella spp. gltA (12)
I. persulcatus 37.6/125 individuals B. henselae (99% homology) and B. quintana (90% homology) groEL (13)
I. persulcatus 44/50 individuals in 2002 and 38/50 individuals in 2003 B. henselae groEL (17)
I. persulcatus 33.3/3 pools Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (14)
I. ricinus 1.48/271 individuals B. henselae groEL, pap31, ftsZ (18)
I. ricinus 4.9/102 individuals B. henselae gltA (19)
I. ricinus 60/121 individuals Bartonella spp 16S rRNA (20)
I. ricinus A pool/12 ticks Bartonella spp 16S rDNA (21)
I. ricinus 9.8/92 individuals Bartonella spp.; 1 adult harbored B. schoenbuchensis (96% homology) gltA (22)
I. ricinus 7.7/103 individuals B. capreoli ITS (23)
I. ricinus 1.2/327 individuals Bartonella spp 16S rRNA (24)
I. ricinus Resembling B. bacilliformis (25)†
I. scapularis 2.0/203 individuals B. schoenbuchensis gltA (26)
I. scapularis 34.5/107 individuals Unidentified Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (27)
I. scapularis B. henselae 16S rRNA (28)
I. sinensis 16.3/86 individuals Bartonella spp. gltA (15)
I. spp. 42.3/26 pools Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (17)
I. turdus 11.1/9 pools Bartonella spp.; 1 pool harbored B. doshiae (99.2% homology) 16S rRNA (14)
Rhipicephalus sanguineus 3.2/62 individuals B. henselae ribC (29)
Unidentified tick species Bartonella sp. IGS (30)

*IGS, intergenic spacer; gltA , citrate synthase gene; groEL, heat-shock protein gene; pap31, heme-binding protein gene; ftsZ , cell-division protein gene; ribC, riboflavin synthase gene.
Bartonella spp. ascertained by isolation.

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