Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 16, Number 7—July 2010

Research

Zoonotic Transmission of Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1), Egypt, 2006–2009

Amr Kandeel, Serge Manoncourt, Eman Abd el Kareem, Abdel-Nasser Mohamed Ahmed, Samir El-Refaie, Hala Essmat, Jeffrey Tjaden, Cecilia C. de Mattos, Kenneth C. EarhartComments to Author , Anthony A. Marfin, and Nasr El-Sayed
Author affiliations: Ministry of Health, Cairo, Egypt (A. Kandeel, E.A. el Kareem, A.-N. M. Ahmed, S. El-Refaie, H. Essmat, N. El-Sayed); US Naval Medical Research Unit 3, Cairo (S. Manoncourt, H. Essmat, J. Tjaden, C.C. de Mattos, K.C. Earhart, A.A. Marfin); US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A.A. Marfin)

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic and exposure characteristics for persons with confirmed avian influenza (H5N1), Egypt, 2006–2009

Characteristic No. (%) persons
Total confirmed cases 63
Deaths 24 (38.0)
Women
40 (63.5)
Age group, y
0–4 23 (36.5)
5–14 11 (17.5)
15–49 27 (43.0)
>50
2 (3.0)
Exposure (no. persons)*
Exposure to a confirmed human case before illness (63) 4 (6.3)
Occupational (63) 4 (6.3)
Exposure to likely infected backyard flocks (63) 57 (90.5)
No known exposure (63) 2 (3.2)
Consumption of raw or undercooked poultry products (61) 0
Exposure to likely infected backyard flocks (41)
Recently purchased domestic poultry from market/seller (41) 12 (29.2)
Recently purchased poultry became ill (12) 7 (58.3)
Noted illness or death among their birds (41) 33 (80.5)
Bred birds (27) 14 (51.8)
Slaughtered birds in past 10 d (27) 13 (48.1)
Defeathered birds in past 10 d (27) 13 (48.1)

*Denominators vary for each exposure because data were not available for all persons.

Main Article

TOP