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Volume 16, Number 9—September 2010

Research

Long-Term Health Risks for Children and Young Adults after Infective Gastroenteritis

Rachael E. MoorinComments to Author , Jane S. Heyworth, Geoffrey M. Forbes, and Thomas V. Riley
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia (R.E. Moorin, J.S. Heyworth, T.V. Riley); Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia (G.M. Forbes)

Main Article

Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics and measures of preexisting health status for those with and without history of enteric infection, Western Australia, Australia, January 1, 1985–December 31, 2000

Characteristic History, no. (%), n = 23,477 No history, no. (%), n = 312,924 % Difference*
Male sex 12,297 (52.4) 156,873 (50.1) 2.3
Not of indigenous status 19,872 (84.6) 272,226 (87.0) –2.4
Singleton birth 22,867 (97.4) 305,028 (97.5) –0.1
Hospital birth
22,382 (95.3)
298,919 (95.5)
–0.2
Weight at birth, g
<2,000 544 (2.3) 4,862 (1.6) 0.7
2,001–3,000 5,114 (21.8) 58,256 (18.6) 3.2†
3,001–4,000 14,550 (62.0) 205,289 (65.6) –3.6†
4,001–5,000 2,005 (8.5) 31,705 (10.1) –1.6
>5,001
43 (0.2)
469 (0.1)
0.1
Socioeconomic status
Extremely advantaged 4,315 (18.4) 64,322 (20.6) –2.2
Advantaged 3,365 (14.3) 43,709 (14.0) 0.3
Average 3,070 (13.1) 36,159 (11.6) 1.5
Disadvantaged 5,653 (24.1) 61,379 (19.6) 4.5†
Extremely disadvantaged
6,322 (26.9)
58,610 (18.7)
8.2†
Accessibility to services
Highly accessible 14,926 (63.6) 199,090 (63.6) 0
Accessible 1,748 (7.4) 19,056 (6.1) 1.3
Moderately accessible 2,042 (8.7) 19,836 (6.3) 2.4
Remote 804 (3.4) 6,770 (2.2) 1.2
Very remote
2,812 (12.0)
13,808 (4.4)
7.6†
Ever hospitalized for a comorbidity‡ 22,561 (96.1) 254,745 (81.4) 14.7†
Prior hospitalization‡ 22,786 (97.0) 264,702 (84.6) 12.4†
Hospitalization in first year of life‡ 18,361 (78.2) 189,959 (60.7) 17.5†
Hospitalization in first month of life‡ 15,785 (67.2) 177,679 (56.8) 10.4†

*Percentage with history – percentage without history.
†p<0.0001.
‡Excludes hospitalization for sequelae.

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