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Volume 16, Number 9—September 2010

Research

Long-Term Health Risks for Children and Young Adults after Infective Gastroenteritis

Rachael E. MoorinComments to Author , Jane S. Heyworth, Geoffrey M. Forbes, and Thomas V. Riley
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia (R.E. Moorin, J.S. Heyworth, T.V. Riley); Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia (G.M. Forbes)

Main Article

Table 2

Number and rates of first-time intragastrointestinal and extragastrointestinal sequelae for those with and without history of enteric infection, Western Australia, January 1, 1985–December 31, 2005*

No. (%) Rate† No. (%) Rate†
Extragastroiintestinal sequelae 5,045 (100.0) 2,407.1 34,425 (100.0) 976.6 1,430.5
Respiratory infections 2,535 (50.2) 1,209.5 14,750 (42.8) 418.5 791.1
Infections of the middle ear and mastoid 1,544 (30.6) 736.7 13,164 (38.2) 373.5 363.2
Cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and myositis 364 (7.2) 173.7 2,327 (6.8) 66.0 107.7
Fever, unknown origin 303 (6.0) 144.6 1,409 (4.1) 40.0 104.6
Upper and lower urinary tract infections 78 (1.5) 37.2 715 (2.1) 20.3 16.9
Infections of lymphatic vessels 69 (1.4) 32.9 607 1.8) 17.2 15.7
Inflammatory diseases of the CNS 35 (0.7) 16.7 194 (0.6) 5.5 11.2
Arthropathies 39 (0.8) 18.6 275 (0.8) 7.8 10.8
Endometriosis 18 (0.4) 8.6 146 (0.4) 4.1 4.4
Orchitis and epididymitis 13 (0.3) 6.2 122 (0.4) 3.5 2.7
Bacteremia 8 (0.2) 3.8 55 (0.2) 1.6 2.3
Pilonidal cyst 38 (0.8) 18.1 600 (1.7) 17.0 1.1
Thyroiditis 1 (0.0) 0.5 2 (0.0) 0.1 0.4
Guillain-Barré syndrome 0 0.0 37 (0.1) 1.0 −1.0
Cardiac infections
0
0.0

22 (0.1)
0.6
−0.6
Intragastrointestinal sequelae 1,267 (100.0) 400.3 9,385 (100.0) 226.2 174.2
Intestinal obstruction, diverticular disease, 
 irritable bowel syndrome/megacolon 278 (21.9) 87.8 1,536 (16.4) 37.0 50.8
Appendicitis 565 (44.6) 178.5 5,690 (60.6) 137.1 41.4
Infections of the oral cavity and esophagus 103 (8.1) 32.5 333 (3.5) 8.0 24.5
Enteritis, colitis and noninfective gastroenteritis 125 (9.9) 39.5 697 (7.4) 16.8 22.7
Infections of the stomach and duodenum 122 (9.6) 38.5 684 (7.3) 16.5 22.1
Peritonitis and ascites 16 (1.3) 5.1 25 (0.3) 0.6 4.5
Cholecystitis 40 (3.2) 12.6 346 (3.7) 8.3 4.3
Pancreatitis 18 (1.4) 5.7 74 (0.8) 1.8 3.9

*CNS, central nervous system.
†Per 100,000 person-years.
‡Rate for patients with history – rate for patients without history.

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