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Volume 16, Number 9—September 2010

Dispatch

Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis, Pakistan

Rumina HasanComments to Author , Kauser Jabeen, Asho Ali, Yasraba Rafiq, Rabia Laiq, Babar Malik, Mahnaz Tanveer, Ramona Groenheit, Solomon Ghebremichael, Sven Hoffner, and Zahra Hasan
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan (R. Hasan, K. Jabeen, A. Ali, Y. Rafiq, R. Laiq, B. Malik, M. Tanveer, Z. Hasan); Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna, Sweden (R. Groenheit, S. Ghebremichael, S. Hoffner)

Main Article

Table 1

Frequency of multidrug-resistance and extensively drug-resistance among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates, Pakistan, 2006–2009*

Year No. M. tuberculosis isolates MDR isolates, no. (%) MDR + ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates, no. (% of total MDR) Total no. XDR isolates XDR as % of total MDR
2006 1,917 728 (38) 131 (18) 11 1.5
2007 2,019 782 (39) 168 (21.5) 17 2.2
2008 2,584 991 (38) 356 (36) 32 3.2
2009 3,003 1,181 (39) 512 (43) 53† 4.5

*MDR, multidrug resistant; XDR, extensively drug resistant.
†By trend analysis (p value for trend <0.01).

Main Article

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