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Volume 17, Number 10—October 2011

Dispatch

Global Distribution of Shigella sonnei Clones

Ingrid Filliol-Toutain, Chien-Shun ChiouComments to Author , Caterina Mammina, Peter Gerner-Smidt, Kwai-Lin Thong, Dac Cam Phung, Mariana Pichel, Reza Ranjbar, Amy Gassama Sow, Kara Cooper, Efrain Ribot, Norma Binsztein, and Shiu-Yun Liang

Author affiliations: Institut Pasteur, Paris, France (I. Filliol-Toutain); Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (C.-S. Chiou); Centers for Disease Control, Taipei, Taiwan (C.-S. Chiou, S.-Y. Liang); University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy (C. Mammina); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (P. Gerner-Smidt, K. Cooper, E. Ribot); University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (K.-L. Thong); National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam (D.C. Phung); Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Buenos Aires, Argentina (M. Pichel, N. Binsztein); Molecular Biology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (R. Ranjbar); Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Dakar, Senegal (A. Gassama Sow)

Main Article

Table A1

Geographic distribution of Shigella sonnei clones*

Continent and country Year isolated No. isolates MLVA18 type (no. isolates)
Africa
Algeria 2006–2007 2 Cluster A: SS18.60 (1), 80 (1)
Burkina Faso 2006 1 Cluster A: SS18.80 (1)
Cameroon 1973, 2007 2 Cluster A: SS18.2 (1); cluster C: SS18.102 (1)
Central African Republic 2007 1 Cluster A: SS18.60 (1)
Chad 2007 1 Cluster A: SS18.1 (1)
Egypt 2000, 2002, 2007 3 Cluster A: SS18.2 (2), 80 (1)
Côte d’Ivoire 2001 1 Cluster A: SS18.2 (1)
Kenya 2003, 2007 2 Cluster A: SS18.45 (2)
Madagascar 1998–2007 6 Cluster A: SS18.1 (1), 2 (1); cluster B: SS18.6 (1); cluster C: SS18.4 (1), 8 (2)
Mali 2006–2007 2 Cluster A: SS18.60 (2)
Mayotte 2004 1 Cluster C: SS18.8 (1)
Morocco 2001–2007 6 Cluster A: SS18.1 (2), 2 (1), 42 (1), 87 (1); cluster C: SS18.97 (1)
Nigeria 2007 1 Cluster A: SS18. 80 (1)
São Tomé and Principe 2008 1 Cluster A: SS18.58 (1)
Senegal 1967–2006 52 Cluster A: SS18.2 (36), 14 (6), 15 (5), 59 (1), 66 (1); cluster B: SS18.39 (1); Cluster C: SS18.90 (1); cluster D: SS18.19 (1)
Tanzania 2004 1 Cluster C: SS18.4 (1)
Tunisia
2006
1
Cluster A: SS18.15 (1)
Asia
Myanmar 2007 1 Cluster A: SS18. 2 (1)
Cambodia 2004–2008 8 Cluster A: SS18.2 (1), 3 (5), 64 (1), 65 (1)
People’s Republic of China 2003–2007 6 Cluster A: 2 (4), 7 (1), 80 (1)
India 2000, 2007 3 Cluster A: SS18.1 (2), 55 (1)
Indonesia 2003–2008 16 Cluster A: SS18.60 (15), 85 (1)
Iran 2002–2003 52 Cluster A: SS18.1 (21), 2 (25), 62 (1), 63 (1), 66 (2), 80 (2)
Israel 1996, 2003, 2007 3 Cluster A: SS18.2 (3)
Malaysia 1994–2004 65 Cluster A: SS18.1 (8), 2 (10), 71 (1); cluster B: SS18.6 (17), 35 (1), 36 (1), 38 (1); cluster C: SS18.8 (6), 12 (9), 13 (3), 16 (1), 81 (2), 82 (2), 99 (2); singleton E: SS18.23 (1)
Nepal 2007 2 Cluster A: SS18.59 (1), 60 (1)
Pakistan 2001 1 Cluster C: SS18.8 (1)
The Philippines 2005 1 Cluster B: SS18.37 (1)
Taiwan 1996–2008 1,100 Cluster A: SS18.1 (704), 2 (203), 3 (23), 7 (1), 10 (19), 46 (1), 52 (1), 53 (1), 60 (1), 65 (10), 66 (1), 69 (1), 80 (2); cluster B: SS18.6 (22); cluster C: SS18.4 (61), 5 (29), 13 (6), 32 (1), 33 (1), 34 (1), 50 (1), 83 (2), 86 (1), 88 (1), 91 (1), 93 (2), 95 (1), 100 (1), 102 (1)
Thailand 2004, 2007 3 Cluster A: SS18.2 (2), 80 (1)
Turkey 2002 1 Cluster A: SS18.2 (1)
Vietnam
2004–2008
62
Cluster A: SS18.2 (28), 3 (7), 7 (1), 20 (1), 58 (1), 65 (2), 80 (6); cluster B: SS18.6 (15); cluster C: SS18.96 (1)
Europe
Denmark 1943 1 Cluster C: SS18.21 (1)
France 1943–2007 73 Cluster A: SS18.1 (5), 2 (17), 26 (1), 41 (1), 54 (1), 58 (1), 59 (1), 60 (3), 61 (1), 67 (1), 68 (1), 80 (4); cluster B: SS18.6 (1), 28 (1), 29 (1), 30 (1), 31 (1), 39 (7), 40 (1); cluster C: SS18.4 (2), 8 (5), 9 (7), 16 (4), 79 (1), 83 (1), 89 (1), 92 (1), 94 (1)
Greece 2007 1 Cluster A: SS18.2 (1)
Italy 2001–2007 70 Cluster A: SS18.2 (48), 42 (2), 59 (1), 80 (8); cluster C: SS18.9 (8), 79 (1), 101 (1), 103 (1)
Poland 2006 1 Cluster A: SS18.1 (1)
Spain 2007 1 Cluster A: SS18.2 (1)
Sweden
1943–1947
8
Cluster A: SS18.25 (2); cluster B: SS18.27 (2); cluster C: SS18.9 (1), 22 (1), 104 (1), 105 (1)
North America
Cuba 2003 1 Cluster A: SS18.80 (1)
Guatemala 2007 1 Cluster C: SS18.16 (1)
Haiti 2006 1 Cluster C: SS18.8 (1)
Mexico 2007 1 Cluster A: SS18.14 (1)
United States
1995–2007
49
Cluster A: SS18.2 (9), 14 (5), 26 (16), 47 (4), 49 (2), 51 (1), 57 (1); Cluster C: SS18.8 (1), 11 (3), 43 (3), 44 (2), 70 (2)
South America
Argentina 2001–2007 48 Cluster A: SS18.1 (10), 2 (4), 48 (1), 58 (1), 66 (2), 72 (2), 73 (1), 74 (1), 75 (2), 76 (2), 78 (1), 80 (9); cluster C: SS18.4 (4), 5 (1), 17 (4), 24 (1), 56 (1), 93 (1)
Brazil 2006 1 Cluster C: SS18.98 (1)
French Guiana 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006 4 Cluster A: SS18.2 (3); cluster D: SS18.18 (1)
Venezuela
2007
1
Cluster C: SS18.8 (1)
Pacific
New Caledonia 1997 1 Cluster A: SS18.77 (1)
Tahiti 2007 1 Cluster C: SS18.84 (1)

*MLVA, multilocus variable number tandem repeat.

*MLVA, multilocus variable number tandem repeat.

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