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Volume 17, Number 10—October 2011

Dispatch

Incidence Rate for Hantavirus Infections without Pulmonary Syndrome, Panama

Blas Armien, Juan M. Pascale, Carlos Munoz, Sang-Joon Lee, Kook L. Choi, Mario Avila, Candida Broce, Anibal G. Armien, Fernando Gracia, Brian Hjelle, and Frederick KosterComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Research, Panama City, Panama (B. Armien, J.M. Pascale); Ministry of Health, Panama City (C. Munoz, M. Avila, C. Broce); University of New Mexico Cancer Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA (S.-J. Lee, K.L. Choi); Inje University, Gimhae, South Korea (K.L. Choi); University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (A.G. Armien); Santo Tomas Hospital, Panama City (F. Gracia); University of New Mexico, Albuquerque (B. Hjelle); Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque (F. Koster)

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Table 1

Hantavirus seroprevalence, western Panama*

Community and year of survey Community population Persons tested, no.
(% of community) No. (%) IgG positive† No. undergoing follow-up testing‡ Repeated tests only: no. (%) IgG positive†§
Agua Buena
2003 175 105 (60) 47 (44.8)
2004 175 108 (62) 59 (54.6) 75 41 (54.7)
2006 160 102 (64) 61 (60.4) 69 42 (61.8)¶
2007
164
99 (60)
49 (49.5)
55
33 (60.0)#
Isla Cañas
2001 276 223 (81) 74 (33.2)
2003 184 120 (65) 56 (46.7) 90 44 (48.9)**
2006
187
120 (64)
63 (52.5)
49
26 (53.1)#
San Jose
2001 593 486 (82) 80 (16.5)
2003
454
327 (72)
84 (25.7)
270
70 (25.7)#
Borracherones
2003 85 61 (72) 19 (31.1)
2006 93 87 (94) 23 (26.4) 41 11 (26.8)

*Ig, immunoglobulin; –, not applicable.
†No. IgG positive (point prevalence % of seropositivity).
‡No. persons tested in this and previous survey.
§Increase for all 4 communities combined not significant.
¶Increase in seroprevalence significant (p = 0.007) by Fisher exact test.
#Increase for combining Los Santos localities and year, p = 0.0014.
**Increase significant (p = 0.001).

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