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Volume 17, Number 11—November 2011
THEME ISSUE
CHOLERA IN HAITI

Dispatch

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Treatment and Prevention of Cholera, Haiti, 2010

Valery E.M. Beau De RocharsComments to Author , Julie Tipret, Molly Patrick, Lara Jacobson, Kamil E. Barbour, David Berendes, Diana Bensyl, Cathie Frazier, Jean W. Domercant, Roodly Archer, Thierry Roels, Jordan W. Tappero, and Thomas Handzel
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (V.E.M. Beau De Rochars, M. Patrick, L. Jacobson, K.E. Barbour, D. Berendes, D. Bensyl, C. Frazier, R. Archer, T. Roels, J.W. Tappero, T. Handzel); Groupe de Recherche et d’Echanges Technologiques, Port-au-Prince, Haiti (J. Tipret); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Port-au-Prince (J.W. Domercant)

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Table 1

Drinking water sources and treatment before and after cholera outbreak, as reported by survey respondents, Port au Prince, Haiti, 2010*

Source or treatment Before outbreak
After outbreak
No. yes/total no. respondents Weighted % (95% CI) No. yes/total no. respondents Weighted % (95% CI)
Water source
Piped public kiosk 122/396 32.5 (21.3–43.7) 84/391 21.5 (10.5–32.5)
Piped in house 101/396 26.9 (15.1–38.7) 57/391 15.1 (7.9–22.2)
Private kiosk 129/396 26.8 (18.7–34.9) 203/391 47.6 (36.2–58.9)
Tank filled by truck 11/396 4.4 (0–8.6) 12/391 5.1 (0.8–9.4)
Bladder 3/396 0.6 (0–1.2) 8/391 3.2 (0–8.0)
Other source 7/396 1.3 (0–3.3) 7/391 1.9 (0–3.9)
Treated water (any method) 130/405 (30.3) 30.3 (22.1–38.4) 307/405 73.9 (67.2–80.6)
Method of treatment†
Water purification tablets 79.119 (66.6) 66.6 (52.8–80.4) 259/301 86.1 (80.2–92.0)
Bleach 76.132 (57.7) 57.7 (47.6–67.8) 174/347 50.1 (36.2–64.1)
Boiling 11/162 (6.8) 6.8 (2.9–10.7) 25/385 6.5 (3.4–9.6)
PuR, Gadyen Dlo, or Dlo Lavi 0 NA 1/333 0.3 (0–0.8)
Other answer 4/160 (2.5) 2.5 (0–5.5) 2/100 2.0 (1.3–3.3)

*CI, confidence interval; NA, not applicable. Sampling weights are according to population size. Before and after data were collected at 1 time point.
†Respondents selected >1 method of water purification.

*CI, confidence interval; NA, not applicable. Sampling weights are according to population size. Before and after data were collected at 1 time point.
†Respondents selected >1 method of water purification.

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