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Volume 17, Number 12—December 2011

Dispatch

Continuing Threat of Influenza (H5N1) Virus Circulation in Egypt

Malik PeirisComments to Author , Rabeh El-Shesheny, Mohamed A. Kutkat, Ahmed Kandeil, Ahmed Mostafa, Mariette F. Ducatez, Pamela McKenzie, Elena A. Govorkova, Mohamed H. Nasraa, Robert G. Webster, Richard J. Webby, and Mohamed A. Ali
Author affiliations: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (G. Kayali, M.F. Ducatez, P.P. McKenzie, E.A. Govorkova, R.G. Webster, R.J. Webby); National Research Center, Giza, Egypt (R. El-Shesheny, M.A. Kutkat, A.M. Kandeil, A. Mostafa, M.H. Nasraa, M.A. Ali)

Main Article

Table

Epizootologic data for avian influenza (H5N1) virus, Egypt, August 2009–July 2010*

Variable No. (%) samples
p value†
Collected Positive
Swab type NS
Cloacal 4,353 (78.3) 217 (5.0)
Oropharyngeal 1,209 (21.7) 59 (4.9)
Governorate <0.001
Cairo 979 (17.6) 58 (5.9)
Qalubiya 916 (16.5) 120 (13.1)
Menofiya 1,636 (29.4) 27 (1.7)
Sharkiya 280 (5.0) 21 (7.5)
Fayyoum 1,323 (23.8) 50 (3.8)
Beni Suef 428 (7.7) 0
Species <0.001
Breeder chickens 50 (0.9) 5 (10.0)
Broiler chickens 3,803 (68.4) 163 (4.3)
Layer chickens 710 (12.8) 97 (13.7)
Ducks 819 (14.7) 10 (1.2)
Geese 55 (1.0) 0
Pigeons 51 (0.9) 1 (2.0)
Turkeys 74 (1.3) 0
Location <0.001
Abattoir 330 (5.9) 38 (11.5)
Commercial farm 2,827 (50.8) 192 (6.8)
Backyard flock 1,381 (24.8) 12 (0.9)
Live-bird market 1,024 (18.4) 34 (3.3)
Bird health status <0.001
Healthy 5,255 (94.5) 235 (4.5)
Sick 214 (3.8) 35 (16.4)
Dead 93 (1.7) 6 (6.5)

*NS, not significant.
†Pearson χ2.

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