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Volume 17, Number 12—December 2011

CME ACTIVITY - Synopsis

Worldwide Occurrence and Impact of Human Trichinellosis, 1986–2009

K.rwin MurrellComments to Author  and Edoardo Pozio
Author affiliations: University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (K.D. Murrell); Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy (E. Pozio)

Main Article

Table 2

Total cases and incidence of Trichinella spp. infections, by World Health Organization region and country, 1986–2009*

Region/country Years No. cases Average incidence†
African Region, Ethiopia 1986 8 0.02
1990 20 0.04
Region of the Americas 7,179
Argentina 1990–2005 5,221 1.48
Canada 1987–2009 257 0.03
Chile 1991–2004 698 0.36
Mexico 1986–2001 351 0.02
United States 1987–2007 652 0.016–0.004
Eastern Mediterranean Region 50
Iran 2007 6 0.008
Lebanon 1995 44 1.25
European Region 56,912
Belarus 1988, 1989 16 0.08, 0.55
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1993–2003 1,600 0.1–8.0
Bulgaria 1990–2006 4,108 2.9
Croatia 1994–2009 2,110 0.02–12.3
Czech Republic 1986–2009 31 0.01
Estonia 1986–2009 91 0.0–2.9
France 1986–2009 1,203 0.00–0.95
Georgia 1988 3 0.05
Germany 1986–2009 185 0.00–0.01
Greece 2009 1 0.008
Hungary 1986–2009 158 0.18–0.057
Ireland 2007 2 0.04
Israel 2002, 2004 230 0.5, 3.0
Italy 1986–2009 1,181 0.0–0.9
Kyrgyzstan 1996 10 0.2
Latvia 1986–2009 636 0.07–3.8
Lithuania 1989–2009 3,979 0.4–21.8
Macedonia 1992 6 0.3
Poland 1986–2007 3,084 0.05–1.5
Romania 1986–2007 28,564 1.7–16.1
Russia 1996–2002 971 0.3–0.6
Serbia 1994–2003 5,210 1.8–7.8
Slovakia 1986–2008 440 0.0–6.2
Slovenia 1989–2006 203 0.00–10.5
Spain 1986–2009 1,244 0.0–0.4
Switzerland 1994, 2009 4 0.01, 0.04
Turkey 2003, 2004 425 0.01, 0.59
United Kingdom 1999 7 0.01
Ukraine 1986–2009 1,210 0.00–0.30
South-East Asian Region 219
India 1996–2002 3 0.0003
Thailand 1993–2007 216 0.35
Western Pacific Region 1,344
Japan 1999–2005 4 NA
South Korea 1999–2003 8 0.016
Laos 2004–2006 123 2.09
People’s Republic of China 1995–2009 1,137 NA
Singapore 1998 25 0.64
Vietnam 2001–2004 47 0.058

*The detailed data and references for each country are available in the Technical Appendix, section A. NA, insufficient data for incidence calculation.
†Incidence/100,000 person-years. For some countries, incidence was not reported and was calculated from data available in the report referenced.

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