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Volume 17, Number 3—March 2011

Dispatch

Surveillance for Invasive Meningococcal Disease in Children, US–Mexico Border, 2005–20081

Enrique Chacon-CruzComments to Author , David E. Sugerman, Michele M. Ginsberg, Jackie Hopkins, Jose Antonio Hurtado-Montalvo, Jose Luis Lopez-Viera, Cesar Arturo Lara-Muñoz, Rosa M. Rivas-Landeros, Maria Luisa Volker, and John A. Leake
Author affiliations: Author affiliations:, General Hospital of Tijuana, Tijauna, Mexico (E. Chacon-Cruz, J.A. Hurtado-Montalvo, J.L. Lopez-Viera, C.A. Lara- Muñoz, R.M. Rivas-Landeros, M.L. Volker); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (D. Sugerman); San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency, San Diego, California, USA (M.M. Ginsberg, J. Hopkins); Rady Childrens Hospital, San Diego (J. Leake); University of California, San Diego (J. Leake)

Main Article

Table

Characteristics of pediatric case-patients who had invasive meningococcal disease, Tijuana, Mexico, and San Diego County, California, USA, October 1, 2005–May 31, 2008*

Tijuana,
n = 16 San Diego County, n = 13
Age, y
<1 2 (12.5) 6 (46.2)
1–4 7 (43.8) 4 (30.8)
5–11 4 (25.0) 2 (15.4)
12–16
3 (18.8)
1 (7.7)
Male sex
8 (50.0)
9 (69.2)
Race/ethnicity
Non-Hispanic white 0 6 (46.2)
Hispanic 16 (100) 3 (23.1)
Non-Hispanic black 0 2 (15.4)
Asian 0 0
Pacific Islander 0 0
Other/unknown
0
2 (15.4)
Month of onset
November–February 12 (75.0) 7 (53.8)
March–June 2 (25.0) 4 (30.8)
July–October
2 (25.0)
2 (15.4)
Serogroup
A 0 0
B 2 (12.5) 8 (61.5)
C 10 (62.5) 2 (15.4)
Y 2 (12.5) 1 (7.7)
W135 0 0
Not typeable 0 0
Not typed
2 (12.5)
2 (15.4)
Case-fatality rate 3 (18.8) 2 (15.4)

*Tijuana cases from hospital-based estimates and serogroup distribution at Tijuana General Hospital. San Diego County cases taken from those reported to the San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency through electronic laboratory notification or from infection control practitioners.

Main Article

1Preliminary results of this study were presented as a poster at the 14th Pan-American Congress on Infectious Diseases, Campos do Jordao, Brazil, April 25–28, 2009.

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