Serologic Surveillance of Anthrax in the Serengeti Ecosystem, Tanzania, 1996–2009
Tiziana Lembo, Katie Hampson , Harriet Auty, Cari A. Beesley, Paul Bessell, Craig Packer, Jo Halliday, Robert Fyumagwa, Richard Hoare, Eblate Ernest, Christine Mentzel, Titus Mlengeya, Karen Stamey, Patricia P. Wilkins, and Sarah Cleaveland
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland (T. Lembo, K. Hampson, H. Auty, P. Bessell, S. Cleaveland); Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois, USA (T. Lembo); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (C.A. Beesley, K. Stamey, P.P. Wilkins); University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (C. Packer); University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland (J. Halliday); Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania (R. Fyumagwa, R. Hoare, E. Ernest); Endangered Wildlife Trust, Parkview, South Africa (C. Mentzel); Tanzania National Parks, Arusha (T. Mlengeya)
Figure 4. Anthrax seroprevalence patterns in carnivores, by age, Tanzania, 1996–2009. Lions (A) in Serengeti and domestic dogs (B) in agropastoralist regions where no outbreaks were detected (black line), in pastoralist regions where repeated outbreaks were detected (red line), and in an agropastoralist village where no outbreaks were reported but serologic surveys indicated previous exposure (blue line). Error bars indicate 95% confidence intervals for age seroprevalence in lions and dogs, but are juxtaposed for dogs to improve readability. Sample sizes used to calculate seroprevalences are indicated.
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