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Volume 17, Number 3—March 2011

Letter

Diagnosis and Treatment of Tuberculosis in the Private Sector, Vietnam

Nguyen B. HoaComments to Author , Frank G.J. Cobelens, Dinh N. Sy, Nguyen V. Nhung, Martien W. Borgdorff, and Edine W. Tiemersma
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: National Tuberculosis Program, Hanoi, Vietnam (N.B. Hoa, D.N. Sy, N.V. Nhung); Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands (F.G.J. Cobelens, M.W. Borgdorff, E.W. Tiemersma); Municipal Health Service, Amsterdam (M.W. Borgdorff); KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, the Netherlands (E.W. Tiemersma)

Main Article

Table

Characteristics of patients treated for tuberculosis at time of prevalence survey (2006–2007) or in 2 preceding years, Vietnam*

Characteristic Public health facilities reporting to NTP, no. (%) Public health facilities
not reporting to NTP, no. (%) Private sector, no. (%) OR (95% CI)
Total
316 (89.5)
8 (2.3)
29 (8.2)
NA†
Sex
M 230 (92.4) 4 (1.6) 15 (6.0) 1
F
86 (82.7)
4 (3.8)
14 (13.5)
2.4‡ (1.0–5.6)
Age, y
15–35 51 (79.7) 2 (3.1) 11 (17.2) 3.1 (1.3–7.4)
35–55 134 (93.1) 4 (2.8) 6 (4.2) 0.4 (0.1–0.9)
>55
131 (90.3)
2 (1.4)
12 (8.3)
1.0 (0.4–2.3)
Area
Urban 95 (85.6) 2 (1.8) 14 (12.6) 2.2 (0.9–5.1)
Remote 59 (89.4) 2 (3.0) 5 (7.6) 0.9 (0.3–2.5)
Rural
162 (92.0)
4 (2.3)
10 (5.7)
0.5 (0.2–1.2)
Zone
Northern 117 (93.6) 5 (4.0) 3 (2.4) 0.2 (0.0–0.7)
Central 50 (87.7) 1 (1.8) 6 (10.5) 1.4 (0.4–3.8)
Southern
149 (87.1)
2 (1.2)
20 (11.7)
2.5 (1.1–6.5)
Socioeconomic status§
Lowest 104 (91.2) 2 (1.8) 8 (7.0) 0.8 (0.3–1.9)
Medium 85 (90.4) 2 (2.1) 7 (7.4) 0.9 (0.3–2.2)
Highest 103 (88.0) 2 (1.7) 12 (10.3) 1.5 (0.6–3.5)
No information 24 (85.7) 2 (7.1) 2 (7.1) NA¶

*NTP, National Tuberculosis Program; OR, odds ratio, CI, confidence interval; NA, not available.
†Not available because >4 categories are needed for calculation of OR.
‡For difference between private and public sectors. All other comparisons were for differences between 1 group and the other groups combined.
§Based on a set of indicators (7) and expressed by tertiles of expenditure distribution among all survey participants.
¶Not available because there were only 28 persons with no information.

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