Figure 1. A) Geopolitical map of the Incan Empire at the time of its greatest expansion (dark gray shading). B) Geographic location of the Chimu (dark gray shading) and Maranga (black shading) cultures in modern Peru. The numbers indicate the sites at which pre-Incan anthropomorphic potteries depicting tungiasis were located: 1, Chicama Valley; 2, Pachacamac Valley; 3, Surquillo.
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