Asian Lineage of Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus, Africa
Olivier Kwiatek, Yahia Hassan Ali, Intisar Kamil Saeed, Abdelmelik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Osama Ishag Mohamed, Ali Abu Obeida, Magdi Badawi Abdelrahman, Halima Mohamed Osman, Khalid Mohamed Taha, Zakia Abbas, Mehdi El Harrak, Youssef Lhor, Adama Diallo, Renaud Lancelot, Emmanuel Albina, and Geneviève Libeau
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Control of Exotic and Emerging Animal Diseases, Montpellier, France (O. Kwiatek, R. Lancelot, E. Albina, G. Libeau); Central Veterinary Research Laboratories, Soba, Sudan (Y.H. Ali, I.K. Saeed, M.B. Abdelrahman, H.M. Osman, Z. Abbas); University of Khartoum, Shambat, Sudan (A.I. Khalafalla, A.A. Obeida); Rabak Veterinary Research Laboratory, White Nile State, Sudan (O.I. Mohamed); Atbara Veterinary Research Laboratory, River Nile State, Sudan (K.M. Taha); Biopharama, Rabat, Morocco (M. El Harrak, Y. Lhor); International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria (A. Diallo)
Figure 2. Phylogenetic analysis of the 3′ end nucleotide sequence of the N protein gene (A) and of the 777–1148 nt sequence of the F protein gene (B) of 11 peste des petits ruminant (PPR) virus samples selected from 2 lineage IV clusters and from lineage III as defined in Figure 1. Other designated strains were as published (10,20–22). The phylogram was generated by analyzing 1,000 bootstrap replicates; clusters were supported by bootstrap percentages >70%. Strains from Sudan are represented by prefixes: cam, camel; cap, caprine; ov, ovine. The Kabete 0 strain of rinderpest (RBOK) vaccine strain of rinderpest virus retrieved in GenBank (accession no. Z30697) was used as an outgroup. Scale bars indicate nucleotide substitutions per site.
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