Co-infections of Plasmodium knowlesi, P. falciparum, and P. vivax among Humans and Anopheles dirus Mosquitoes, Southern Vietnam
Ron P. Marchand , Richard Culleton, Yoshimasa Maeno, Nguyen Tuyen Quang, and Shusuke Nakazawa
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Medical Committee Netherlands–Vietnam, Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam (R.P. Marchand, N.T. Quang); Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan (R. Culleton, S. Nakazawa); Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Aichi, Japan (Y. Maeno).
Figure 1. Results and interpretation of the PCR analyses of sporozoite-positive salivary glands of Anopheles dirus mosquitoes in Khanh Phu forest, Vietnam. CSP, circumsporozoite protein; ssu, small subunit; shaded cells, PCR products present; F, Plasmodium falciparum; V, P. vivax; K, P. knowlesi; M, P. malariae; ?, unknown.
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