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Volume 17, Number 7—July 2011

Dispatch

Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Southwestern Colombia

Beatriz E. FerroComments to Author , Luisa Maria Nieto, Juan C. Rozo, Liliana Forero, and Dick van Soolingen
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Centro Internacional de Entrenamiento e Investigaciones Médicas, Cali, Colombia (B.E. Ferro, L.M. Nieto, J.C. Rozo); Secretaría Departamental de Salud del Valle del Cauca, Cali (L. Forero); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (D. van Soolingen); University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands (D. van Soolingen)

Main Article

Table 2

Characteristics of patients infected with Beijing and non-Beijing isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, 2007–2008*

Characteristic No. (%) isolates
OR (95% CI) p value
Beijing, n = 25 Non-Beijing, n = 135
Drug resistance profile
MDR 24 (96.0)† 52 (38.5) 38.31 (5.79–1,593.47) <0.001
Susceptible
1 (4.0)‡
83 (61.5)


Sex
F 16 (64.0) 51(37.8) 2.93 (1.11–8.06) 0.02
M
9 (36.0)
84 (62.2)


Treatment status
New 13 (54.2) 74 (56.5) 0.91 (0.35–2.43) 0.83
Previously treated 11 (45.8) 57 (43.5)
Unknown
1 (4.0)
4 (2.1)


Age, y
<30 14 (63.6) 54 (42.9) 2.33 (0.84–6.87) 0.07
>30 8 (36.4) 72 (57.1)
Unknown
3 (12.0)
9 (6.6)


Place of residence
Buenaventura 23 (92.0) 90 (66.7) 5.75 (1.31–52.07) 0.007
Other cities 2 (8.0) 45 (33.3)

*OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; MDR, multidrug resistant.
†All were spoligo-international type (SIT) 190.
‡SIT 1.

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