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Volume 17, Number 8—August 2011

Synopsis

Dengue Virus Infection in Africa

Ananda AmarasingheComments to Author , Joel N. Kuritsky, G. William Letson, and Harold S. Margolis
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, South Korea (A. Amarasinghe, J.N. Kuritsky, G.W. Letson); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA (H.S. Margolis)

Main Article

Table

Countries in Africa with evidence of dengue virus transmission*

Type and country Year Serotype
Locally acquired, n = 7
Cape Verde 2009† 3
Egypt 1779, 1887, 1927 Unknown
Eritrea 2005 Unknown
Mauritius 2009 Unknown
Réunion 1977–1978† 2
  Seychelles 1977–1979† 2
Sudan
1984–1986
1 and 2
Locally and travel acquired, n = 15
Angola 1986, 1999–2002‡ Unknown
Burkina Faso 1925 Unknown
1983–1986 2
2003–2004,§ 2007‡ Unknown
Cameroon 1987–1993,§ 1999–2002,‡ 2000–2003,§ 2006‡ Unknown
Comoros 1943–1948 Unknown
1984, 1992–1993† 1 and 2
Djibouti 1991–1992† 2
Côte d’Ivoire 1982 2
1998 1
1999–2002‡ Unknown
2008 3
Ghana 1932, 1987–1993§ Unknown
2002–2005 2
Kenya 1982 2
1984–1986 1 and 2
Madagascar 1943–1948 Unknown
2006 1
Mozambique 1984–1985† 3
Nigeria 1964–1968 1
Senegal 1928 Unknown
1979 1
1980–1985 2 and 4
1990, 1999 2
2007‡ Unknown
2009 3
Somalia 1982, 1985–1987 2
1992–1993 2 and 3
South Africa 1927† 1
Zanzibar
1823, 1870, 2010‡
Unknown
Travel/expatriate acquired, n = 12
Benin 1987–1993§ Unknown
DRC 1999–2001,‡ 2007§ Unknown
Ethiopia 1999–2002,‡ 2007§ Unknown
Equatorial Guinea 1999–2002‡ Unknown
Gabon 1999–2002‡ Unknown
Mali 2008 2
Namibia 1999–2002,‡ 2006‡ Unknown
Rwanda 1987–1993§ Unknown
Tanzania 1987–1993,§ 1999–2002,‡ 2006,‡ 2010‡ Unknown
Togo 1987–1993,§ 1999–2002‡ Unknown
Uganda 1999–2002‡ Unknown
Zambia 1987–1993§ Unknown

*DRC, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
†Large local outbreaks.
‡TropNet Europ Network (www.tropnet.net) and ProMED mail (www.promedmail.org).
§Seroprevalence study.

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