Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011

Research

Leptospirosis as Frequent Cause of Acute Febrile Illness in Southern Sri Lanka

Megan E. RellerComments to Author , Champika Bodinayake, Ajith Nagahawatte, Vasantha Devasiri, Wasantha Kodikara-Arachichi, John J. Strouse, Judith E. Flom, J. Stephen Dumler, and Christopher W. Woods
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (M.E. Reller, J.J. Strouse, J.S. Dumler); University of Ruhuna, Galle, Sri Lanka (C. Bodinayake, A. Nagahawatte, V. Devasiri, W. Kodikara-Arachichi); Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore (J.E. Flom); Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA (C.W. Woods)

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic characteristics of febrile patients with acute or past leptospirosis versus those who had neither acute nor past leptospirosis, southern Sri Lanka, 2007*

Demographic characteristic % With acute or past leptospirosis, n = 361 % With neither acute nor past leptospirosis, n = 412 p value
Median age, y (IQR) 32 (20–46) 27 (16–47) 0.02
Male sex
60
64
0.14
Residence
Urban 8 9 0.88
Rural
92
91

Type of work <0.0005
Home 27 25
Laborer 26 21
Farmer 6 1
Merchant 2 4
Student 20 25
Other
20†
24

Animal exposures
Dog 57† 54 0.43
Rodent 27 30 0.35
Cow
7
4†
0.13
Swim/bathe/wade
None 66 82 <0.0005
River 14 11
Paddy field 19 4
Other
2‡
3

Water source 0.001
Tap 31 33
Boiled 6 14
Well 63 52
Other 0.3 1

*IQR, interquartile range.
†Does not add to 100% due to rounding.
‡Adds to >100% due to multiple exposures.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO