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Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011

Synopsis

Risk-based Estimate of Effect of Foodborne Diseases on Public Health, Greece

Elissavet GkogkaComments to Author , Martine W. Reij, Arie H. Havelaar, Marcel H. Zwietering, and Leon G.M. Gorris
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands (E. Gkogka, M.W. Reij, M.H. Zwietering, L.G.M. Gorris); Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); Unilever Research and Development, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China (L.G.M. Gorris)

Main Article

Table 1

Parameters of the PERT distributions used to describe foodborne transmission, underreporting, and case-fatality rate for foodborne illnesses, Greece, 1996–2006*

IllnessMinimum, most likely, maximum†
Food attribution, %UnderreportingCase-fatality rate, %
Bacterial
Botulism80, 100, 1001.625, 1.8125, 23, 10.15, 17.3
Brucellosis50, 84,1002, 10.85, 19.70.9, 2, 5
Campylobacteriosis30, 55, 807.6, 274.8, 5420.1, 0.1265, 0.153
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli40, 51, 902, 14.05, 26.10.25, 0.54, 0.83
Leptospirosis1, 5, 4910, 15, 205, 10, 15
Listeriosis69, 99, 1001.1, 1.7, 2.310, 30, 44
Salmonellosis55, 95, 953.2, 51.45, 99.70.5, 0.701, 0.902
Shigellosis8.2, 10, 313.4, 18.35, 33.30.1, 0.13, 0.16
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever55, 80, 952, 7.65, 13.30.4, 0.95, 1.5
Food poisoning
87, 100, 100
29.3, 185.65, 342
0, 0.025, 0.05
Parasitic
Amebiasis10, 50, 1009.2, 9.6, 100.1, 0.2, 0.3
Cryptosporidiosis5.6, 5.6, 87.4, 53, 98.60.07, 0.335, 0.6
Echinococcosis30, 30, 1002, 3, 41, 2.24, 3
Giardiasis5, 10, 304.6, 25.45, 46.30, 0.05, 0.1
Toxoplasmosis
30, 50, 63
NA
3.3, 3.75, 4.8
Viral: acute hepatitis A
5, 8, 11
2, 5.55, 9.1
0.3, 1.35, 2.4
Mixed/ill-defined causes
Other helminthiases30, 90, 1004.6, 51.6, 98.63.37‡
Intestinal infections due to other specified microorganism1, 36, 702, 402, 1,5620.25‡
Ill-defined intestinal infections1, 36, 502, 402, 1,5620.0045‡

*NA, not applicable.
†Minimum, most likely (mean), and maximum parameters of each PERT distribution. More information, including an expanded version of this table, can be found in the Technical Appendix.
‡For these illnesses, an average fixed value was used for the case-fatality rates estimated by using data from the World Health Organization Mortality Database on the deaths and incidence data from the Hellenic Statistical Authority.

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