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Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011

Synopsis

Risk-based Estimate of Effect of Foodborne Diseases on Public Health, Greece

Elissavet GkogkaComments to Author , Martine W. Reij, Arie H. Havelaar, Marcel H. Zwietering, and Leon G.M. Gorris
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands (E. Gkogka, M.W. Reij, M.H. Zwietering, L.G.M. Gorris); Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); Unilever Research and Development, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China (L.G.M. Gorris)

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Table 3

Mean estimated incidence of total foodborne illnesses, reported/estimated illnesses, and deaths attributed to food in Greece per 1 million inhabitants, 1996–2006*

Illnesses
Incidence per million inhabitants
Total illnesses
Reported/estimated illnesses
Deaths
Mean†
95% CrI‡
Mean†
95% CrI‡
Mean†
95% CrI‡
Bacterial
Botulism0.130.011–0.280.0660.056–0.150.00670.00052–0.017
Brucellosis699225–1,3786430–1021.50.52–3.0
Campylobacteriosis3,571851–7,733135.6–220.0160.0069–0.029
EHEC1.00.069–2.80.0720.0058–0.170.000390.000030–0.00098
Leptospirosis4.00.34–130.270.023–0.840.0270.0022–0.087
Listeriosis0.890.11–1.90.410.049–0.850.190.021–0.45
Salmonellosis3,793750–8,3507422–1280.520.15–0.93
Shigellosis251.1–771.40.068–3.80.00180.000088–0.0050
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever373.3–924.80.47–100.0460.0043–0.11
Food poisoning
6,636
450–17,569

36
2.8–80

0.0089
0.00055–0.025
Parasitic
Amebiasis131.9–291.30.19–3.00.00260.00037–0.0064
Cryptosporidiosis19771–3603.72.4–5.30.0130.0050–0.022
Echinococcosis7229–1402410–450.520.19–1.0
Giardiasis15947–3586.32.7–120.00310.00069–0.0074
Toxoplasmosis3.42.5–4.13.22.4–4.00.120.090–0.16
Other helminthiases
137
22–322

2.7
0.56–5.1

0.089
0.019–0.17
Viral: hepatitis A
6.9
1.4–15

1.2
0.27–2.4

0.017
0.0031–0.038
Mixed/ill-defined causes
Intestinal infections caused by
other specified microorganism7,394354–25,558141.2–360.0350.031–0.091
Ill-defined intestinal infections
346,558
45,985–886,276

655
256–1,082

0.030
0.012–0.049
Total of gastroenteritis
368,520
67,536–909,457

812
408–1,245

0.95
0.52–1.4
Total369,30568,283–910,608905499–1,3403.12.0–4.8

*Values have been rounded to include significant digits and thus not all summations necessarily tally. Boldface indicates the top 5 contributors to each estimate category. EHEC, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli; CrI, credible interval.
†These estimates correspond to the mean of the output distributions.
‡95% CrI representative of the 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles.

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