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Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011

Dispatch

Listeriosis, Taiwan, 1996–2008

Yu-Tsung Huang, Chun-Hsing Liao, Chia-Jui Yang, Lee-Jene Teng, Jin-Town Wang, and Po-Ren HsuehComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (Y.-T. Huang, L.-J. Teng, J.-T. Wang, P.-R. Hsueh); Far Eastern Memorial Hospital 4, New Taipei City, Taiwan (Y.-T. Huang, C.-H. Liao, C.-J. Yang)

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Table

Demographic data for 43 nonpregnant adults with listeriosis, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, 1996–2008*

Characteristic No. (%) patients, n = 43
Sex
M 29 (67)
F
14 (33)
Underlying condition
Steroid use >0.5 mg/kg/day 19 (44)
Diabetes mellitus 11 (26)
Surgery in previous 2 mo 10 (23)
Peptic ulcer disease with 
 or without bleeding 9 (21)
Liver cirrhosis† 9 (21)
Renal insufficiency‡ 8 (19)
Alcoholism 4 (9)
Ulcerative colitis 2 (5)
Antiphospholipid syndrome 1 (2)
Hematologic malignancy 15 (35)
Multiple myeloma 5 (12)
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma§ 5 (12)
Leukemia 4 (9)
Myelodysplastic syndrome 1 (2)
Solid cancer 19 (44)
Lung cancer 4 (9)
Malignancy of unknown primary hepatocellular carcinoma 3 (7)
Gastric cancer§ 2 (5)
Colorectal cancer§ 2 (5)
Bladder cancer§ 2 (5)
Ovarian cancer 2 (5)
Chemotherapy within 4 weeks
23 (53)
Diagnosis¶
Bacteremia 29 (67)
Meningitis/meningoencephalitis 8 (19)
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis 4 (9)
Brain abscess
2 (5)
Crude mortality rate
7 d 11 (26)
14 d 12 (28)

*Mean age, y, ± SD: 62.12 ± 15.10.
†Including 4 patients with hepatic decompensation.
‡Including 3 patients with end-stage renal insufficiency who were receiving hemodialysis.
§One female patient had coexisting non-Hodgkin lymphoma and colon cancer; 1 male patient had coexisting non-Hodgkin lymphoma, gastric cancer, and bladder cancer.
¶Initial modified Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II score, mean ± SD: 18.8 ± 7.3.

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