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Volume 18, Number 11—November 2012

CME ACTIVITY - Research

Coccidioidomycosis-associated Deaths, United States, 1990–2008

Jennifer Y. Huang1, Benjamin Bristow, Shira Shafir, and Frank SorvilloComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA (J.Y. Huang); and University of California Los Angeles Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles (B. Bristow, S. Shafir, F. Sorvillo)

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic characteristics, mortality rates, and rate ratios for coccidioidomycosis-associated deaths, United States, 1990–2008*

Characteristic No. (%) Age-adjusted mortality rate (95% CI)† Age-adjusted rate ratio (95% CI)
Overall 3,089 (100) 0.59 (0.57–0.61) NA
Sex

F

887 (28.7) 0.31 (0.29–0.33) Referent

M

2,202 (71.3) 0.93 (0.90–0.98) 3.04 (2.84–3.26)
Race/ethnicity

White

1,693 (54.8) 0.40 (0.38–0.42) Referent

Hispanic

747 (24.2) 1.77 (1.63–1.90) 4.38 (4.17–4.60)

Black

392 (12.7) 0.69 (0.62–0.75) 1.70 (1.61–1.80)

Asian

178 (5.8) 1.14 (0.96–1.32) 2.82 (2.69–2.97)

Native American

79 (2.6) 2.56 (1.96–3.15) 6.34 (6.04–6.65)
Age, y

0–4

8 (0.3) 0.11 (0.03–0.18) NA

5–14

12 (0.4) 0.02 (0.01–0.03) NA

15–24

94 (3.0) 0.13 (0.10–0.15) NA

25–34

302 (9.8) 0.39 (0.34–0.43) NA

35–44

368 (11.9) 0.45 (0.40–0.50) NA

45–54

453 (14.7) 0.66 (0.60–0.73) NA

55–64

490 (15.9) 1.02 (0.93–1.11) NA

65–74

603 (19.5) 1.70 (1.56–1.84) NA

75–84

553 (17.9) 2.43 (2.23–2.64) NA

>85

206 (6.7) 2.56 (2.21–2.91) NA

*NA, not applicable.
†Crude rates are used for the age category.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

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