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Volume 18, Number 3—March 2012

Research

Causes of Pneumonia Epizootics among Bighorn Sheep, Western United States, 2008–2010

Thomas E. BesserComments to Author , Margaret A. Highland, Katherine Baker, E. Frances Cassirer, Neil J. Anderson, Jennifer M. Ramsey, Kristin Mansfield, Darren L. Bruning, Peregrine Wolff, Joshua B. Smith, and Jonathan A. Jenks
Author affiliations: Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA (T.E. Besser, M.A. Highland, K. Baker); Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Pullman (T.E. Besser); US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Pullman (M.A. Highland); Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Lewiston, Idaho, USA (E.F. Cassirer); Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Bozeman, Montana, USA (N.J. Anderson, J.M. Ramsey); Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Spokane Valley, Washington, USA (K. Mansfield); US Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Olympia, Washington, USA (D.L. Bruning); Nevada Department of Wildlife, Reno, Nevada, USA (P. Wolff); South Dakota State University, Brookings, South Dakota, USA (J.B. Smith, J.A. Jenks)

Main Article

Table A1

PCR and aerobic culture results for individual bighorn sheep, western United States, 2008–2010*

Health
status Population Sheep ID Mannheimia haemolytica
Bibersteinia trehalosi
lktA
Pasteurella multocida
Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae
Culture PCR Culture PCR PCR Culture PCR PCR Isolate no.
PP Hells Canyon, OR and WA 10WA02 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
PP Hells Canyon, OR and WA 10OR09 NT 1 NT 1 1 NT 0 1 1-4
PP Hells Canyon, OR and WA 10OR05 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1-1
PP Hells Canyon, OR and WA 10OR06 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1-3
PP Hells Canyon, OR and WA 10OR07 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1-2
PP East Fork Bitterroot, MT 185887 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 3-2
PP East Fork Bitterroot, MT 185888 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 3-1
PP East Fork Bitterroot, MT 185960 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 3-3
PP East Fork Bitterroot, MT 185976 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 NA
PP East Fork Bitterroot, MT 185979 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 3-4
PP Anaconda, MT 186759 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 6-2
PP Anaconda, MT 186760 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 6-1
PP Anaconda, MT 186761 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 6-3
PP Anaconda, MT 186762 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 6-5
PP Anaconda, MT 186764 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 6-4
PP Bonner, MT 186054 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 4-3
PP Bonner, MT 186088 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4-4
PP Bonner, MT 186091 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4-5
PP Bonner, MT 186092 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 5-6
PP Bonner, MT 186093 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 4-1
PP Bonner, MT 186109 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 4-2
PP Lower Rock Creerk, MT 186249 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 6-7
PP Lower Rock Creerk, MT 186139 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 6-6
PP Lower Rock Creerk, MT 186195 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA
PP Lower Rock Creerk, MT 186198 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 6-8
PP East Humboldt/Ruby Mountains, NV 10-3422 #28 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 5-3
PP East Humboldt/Ruby Mountains, NV WHITE RAM 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 5-4
PP East Humboldt/Ruby Mountains, NV 10-2819 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 5-1
PP East Humboldt/Ruby Mountains, NV 10-2860 Lamoile lamb 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 5-2
PP East Humboldt/Ruby Mountains, NV 10-3273 (#19) 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 5-5
PP East Humboldt/Ruby Mountains, NV 10-2927 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 5-6
PP Spring Creek, SD 1144B 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 7-1
PP Spring Creek, SD 1213 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 7-2
PP Spring Creek, SD 912 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 7-3
PP Spring Creek, SD 1123 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 7-4
PP Spring Creek, SD 1152 NT 1 NT 1 1 NT 1 1 7-5
PP Yakima, WA DSURNA 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 2-2
PP Yakima, WA DSURNB 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2-4
PP Yakima, WA KGURNA 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 2-3
PP Yakima, WA ZBSBNB 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2-7
PP Yakima, WA UM2 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 2-7
PP Yakima, WA HTCSBN 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 2-5
PP Yakima, WA HTQSBN 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 2-6
PP Yakima, WA MPURNA 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2-1
HH Asotin Creek, WA 06AS25 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 NA
HH Asotin Creek, WA 10WA05 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 NA
HH Quilomene, WA Q1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA
HH Quilomene, WA Q2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA
HH Quilomene, WA Q3 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 NA
HP Bonner, MT 186112 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 NA
HP Yakima, WA DSURSF 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 NA
HP Yakima, WA JCURND 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 NA
HP Yakima, WA DSSBCP 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 NA
HP Yakima, WA SB1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 NA
HP Yakima, WA UM1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 NA
HP Yakima, WA HRCURS 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 NA
HP Spring Creek, SD 216 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 NA

*PP, pneumonia-affected animal from epizootic population; OR, Oregon; WA, Washington; MT, Montana; NA, not applicable; NV, Nevada; SD, South Dakota; HP, healthy animal from epizootic population; HH, unaffected animal from non-epizootic population; 0, not detected; 1, detected; NT, not tested because of Proteus overgrowth.
†See Figure.

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