Sapovirus Outbreaks in Long-Term Care Facilities, Oregon and Minnesota, USA, 2002–2009
Lore E. Lee , Elizabeth A. Cebelinski, Candace Fuller, William E. Keene, Kirk Smith, Jan Vinjé, and John M. Besser
Author affiliations: Oregon Public Health Division, Portland, Oregon, USA (L.E. Lee, W.E. Keene); Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (E.A. Cebelinski, C. Fuller, K. Smith); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (J. Vinjé, J.M. Besser)
Figure. . . . . . Phylogenetic tree of sapovirus sequences from outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis reported to state public health departments in Oregon and Minnesota, 2002–2009, on the basis of partial capsid nucleotide sequences. Reference strains [GenBank accession numbers] include Sapporo/1982/JP [U65427], Parkville/1994/US[U73124], Stockholm318/1997/SE [AF194182], Chiba000496/2000/JP [AJ606693], Ehime2K-814/2000/JP [AJ606698], London/1992/U K[U95645], Mex340/1990/MX [AF435812], cruise ship/2000/US [AY289804], PEC-Cowden/1980/US [AF182760], Hou7-1181/1990/US [AF435814], and Argentina39/AR [AY289803]. Boldface indicates state-assigned outbreak identification numbers. Scale bar represents percent genetic similarity between sequence types. Genogroups are indicated on the right. For genogrouping, GenBank sequences of well-characterized genogroups were aligned with outbreak sequences, and a phylogenetic tree was created by the neighbor-joining method by using BioNumerics (Applied Maths, Austin, TX, USA). Genotypes were assigned on the basis of >95% similarity to reference strains. Outbreak strain sequences were deposited in GenBank under accession nos. HM800902–HM800920.
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