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Volume 18, Number 6—June 2012

Research

Community Survey after Rabies Outbreaks, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA

Andrea M. McCollumComments to Author , Jesse D. Blanton, Robert C. Holman, Laura S. Callinan, Steven Baty, Randy Phillips, Michael Callahan, Craig Levy, Ken Komatsu, Rebecca Sunenshine, David L. Bergman, and Charles E. Rupprecht
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A.M. McCollum, J.D. Blanton, R.C. Holman, L.S. Callinan, S. Baty, C.E. Rupprecht, R. Sunenshine); Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, Arizona, USA (S. Baty, C. Levy, K. Komatsu); Coconino County Public Health Services District, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA (R. Phillips, M. Callahan); US Department of Agriculture, Phoenix (D.L. Bergman)

Main Article

Table A2

Univariate analysis of rabies knowledge in Flagstaff, in relation to pet ownership, dog ownership, and translocation with demographic and rabies-related characteristics*†

Characteristic Knowledge of rabies‡
Pet owners
Dog owners
Translocators
Yes No OR (95% CI) Yes No OR (95% CI) Yes No OR (95% CI) Yes No OR (95% CI)
Concern about rabies in Flagstaff
Concerned 400 550 3.20 (1.59–6.44)† 622 313 1.20 (0.68–2.13) 478 472 1.09 (0.63–1.89) 90 833 1.76 (0.54–5.78)
Not concerned 10 44 Referent 33 20 Referent 26 28 Referent 3 49 Referent
Severity of rabies as a disease
Severe 352 466 2.55 (1.14–5.68)† 543 263 1.22 (0.61–2.46) 412 406 1.35 (0.68–2.68) 73 723 1.62 (0.38–6.88)
Mild 8 27 Referent 22 13 Referent 15 20 Referent 2 32 Referent
Knowledge of rabies‡
Yes 145 160 1.52 (1.16–1.99)† 214 91 1.35 (1.01–1.80)† 159 146 1.13 (0.87–1.48) 31 268 1.17 (0.74–1.83)
No 275 460 Referent 457 262 Referent 360 375 Referent 64 646 Referent
Knowledge of rabies in Flagstaff§
Yes NA NA NA 290 137 1.18 (0.91–1.54) 227 202 1.22 (0.96–1.57) 44 379 1.26 (0.82–1.92)
No NA NA NA 394 220 Referent 301 328 Referent 51 553 Referent
Potential for contact with a sick domestic animal
Yes 95 163 0.81 (0.61–1.09) 192 63 1.82 (1.32–2.51)† 153 105 1.65 (1.24–2.20)† 26 226 1.18 (0.73–1.89)
No 334 466 Referent 492 294 Referent 375 425 Referent 69 706 Referent
Potential for contact with a sick wild animal
Yes 40 41 1.47 (0.94–2.32) 46 34 0.69 (0.43–1.09) 35 46 0.75 (0.47–1.18) 12 68 1.84 (0.96–3.53)
No 389 588 Referent 638 323 Referent 493 484 Referent 83 864 Referent
Potential for contact with a nuisance wild animal on property
Yes 52 60 1.31 (0.88–1.94) 70 40 0.90 (0.60–1.36) 57 55 1.05 (0.71–1.55) 50 60 16.15 (9.99–26.10)†
No 377 569 Referent 614 317 Referent 471 475 Referent 45 872 Referent
Translocated a wild nuisance animal on their property
Yes 44 51 1.26 (0.82–1.92) 53 41 0.63 (0.41–0.97)† 43 52 0.80 (0.52–1.22) NA NA NA
No 379 553 Referent 616 301 Referent 475 457 Referent NA NA NA
Aware of the quarantine in Flagstaff during 2009
Yes 400 466 4.69 (3.02–7.27)† 596 268 2.42 (1.73–3.38)† 460 406 1.89 (1.34–2.65)† 81 761 1.21 (0.66–2.23)
No 26 142 Referent 80 87 Referent 63 105 Referent 13 148 Referent
Leash policy prevents pet exposure to rabid animals
Yes 358 532 0.82 (0.56–1.20) 561 328 0.34 (0.21–0.56)† 415 475 0.24 (0.15–0.37)† 79 788 0.73 (0.40–1.34)
No 55 67 Referent 100 20 Referent 96 26 Referent 14 102 Referent
Pet owner
Yes 290 394 1.18 (0.91–1.54) NA NA NA NA NA NA 53 616 0.63 (0.41–0.97)†
No 137 220 Referent NA NA NA NA NA NA 41 301 Referent
Dog owner
Yes 227 301 1.22 (0.96–1.57) NA NA NA NA NA NA 43 475 0.80 (0.52–1.22)
No 202 328 Referent NA NA NA NA NA NA 52 457 Referent
Time lived in Flagstaff, y
>10 333 432 1.43 (1.07–1.90)† 490 272 0.80 (0.59–1.07) 384 381 0.97 (0.74–1.28) 86 655 3.73 (1.85–7.53)†
<10 95 176 Referent 188 83 Referent 138 133 Referent 9 256 Referent
Sex
F 230 370 0.77 (0.59–0.99)† 419 180 1.51 (1.16–1.96)† 315 285 1.19 (0.93–1.53) 45 538 0.63 (0.41–0.97)†
M 190 234 Referent 256 166 Referent 204 220 Referent 48 363 Referent
Age, y
>60 154 225 0.96 (0.75–1.25) 196 183 0.37 (0.28–0.48)† 133 246 0.36 (0.28–0.47)† 42 326 1.42 (0.92–2.17)
<60 272 383 Referent 485 167 Referent 393 262 Referent 53 583 Referent
Education
>College degree 336 423 1.49 (1.11–2.00)† 504 254 1.10 (0.82–1.48) 386 373 1.03 (0.78–1.37) 64 674 0.70 (0.44–1.10)
<College degree 89 167 Referent 164 91 Referent 128 128 Referent 30 220 Referent

*Results significant at p<0.1 are indicated in boldface. OR, odds ratio; NA, not applicable.
†Results significant at p<0.05.
‡Knowledge of rabies is defined as ‘yes’ if the respondent 1) answered “yes” to bite, scratch, and saliva as modes of transmission and 2) “yes” to 1 or none of the following incorrect modes of transmission: touch, contact with blood, contact with urine or feces, contact with skunk spray.
§Knowledge of rabies in Flagstaff is defined as “yes” if the respondent 1) knew about the outbreak in Flagstaff and 2) knew the 3 main animals that had rabies in Flagstaff (bat, skunk, fox).

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