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Volume 18, Number 7—July 2012

Research

Retrospective Evaluation of Control Measures for Contacts of Patient with Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever

Aura TimenComments to Author , Leslie D. Isken, Patricia Willemse, Franchette van den Berkmortel, Marion P.G. Koopmans, Danielle E.C. van Oudheusden, Chantal P. Bleeker-Rovers, Annemarie E. Brouwer, Richard P.T.M. Grol, Marlies E.J.L. Hulscher, and Jaap T. van Dissel
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands (A. Timen, L.D. Isken, M.P.G. Koopmans); Elkerliek Hospital, Helmond, the Netherlands (P. Willemse); Atrium Medical Centre, Heerlen, the Netherlands (F. van den Berkmortel); Public Health Service Brabant-Zuidoost, Helmond (D.E.C. van Oudheusden); Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands (C.P. Bleeker-Rovers, R.P.T.M. Grol, M.E.J.L. Hulscher); Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, the Netherlands (A.E. Brouwer); Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, the Netherlands (J.T. van Dissel)

Main Article

Table 2

Characteristics and self-reported signs and symptoms of persons who had contact with a Marburg hemorrhagic fever patient, the Netherlands, 2008*

Characteristic High-risk contact, n = 45, no. (%) Low-risk contact, n = 32, no. (%) p value†
Sex 0.004
F 33 (73.0) 13 (40.0)
M 12 (37.0) 19 (60.0)
Age, y 0.127
<25 13 (29.0) 2 (6.2)
26–35 9 (21.0) 8 (25.2)
36–45 10 (22.0) 10 (31.2)
46–55 10 (22.0) 11 (34.3)
56–65 3 (6.0) 1 (3.1)
Education 0.002
Secondary 8 (18.0) 1 (3.0)
Vocational 17 (37.0) 4 (12.0)
Higher professional 15 (34.0) 22 (70.0)
University 5 (11.0) 5 (15.0)
Health status 0.047
Excellent 11 (24.0) 15 (47.0)
Very good 19 (42.0) 6 (18.7)
Good 15 (34.0) 11 (34.3)
Reported conditions during monitoring period
Temperature >38°C 2 (4.4) 2 (6.2) 0.901
Headache 17 (37.7) 8 (25.0) 0.064
Myalgia 5 (11.1) 1 (3.1) 0.407
Malaise 13 (29.0) 10 (31.2) 0.513
Nausea 6 (13.3) 2 (6.2) 0.429
Abdominal pain 6 (13.3) 3 (9.3) 0.482
Fatigue 11 (24.0) 6 (18.5) 0.222
Vomiting 1 (4.5) 0 0.399
Diarrhea 6 (13.3) 1 (3.1) 0.247

*High-risk contact, unprotected contact with the patient or her body fluids; low-risk contact, contact with the patient or her body fluids while following strict isolation measures. Boldface indicates statistical significance (p<0.05).
†By χ2 test.

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