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Volume 18, Number 8—August 2012

Dispatch

Chloroquine-Resistant Malaria in Travelers Returning from Haiti after 2010 Earthquake

Myriam GharbiComments to Author , Dylan R. Pillai, Rachel Lau, Véronique Hubert, Krishna Khairnar, Alexandre Existe, Eric Kendjo, Sabina Dahlström, Philippe J. Guérin, Jacques Le Bras, and members of the French National Reference Center for Imported Malaria Study
Author affiliations: Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France (M. Gharbi, J. Le Bras); École des Hautes Études en Santé Publique, Rennes, France (M. Gharbi, P.J. Guérin); Worldwide Antimalarial Resistance Network, Paris (M. Gharbi, S. Dahlström, J. Le Bras); Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai, R. Lau, K. Khairnar); University of Calgary; Calgary, Alberta, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Hospital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris (V. Hubert, J. Le Bras); Laboratoire National de Santé Publique, Port-au-Prince, Haiti (A. Existe); Centre National de Référence Paludisme, Paris (V. Hubert, E. Kendjo, J. La Bras); Hospital Pitié-Salpétrière, Paris (E. Kendjo); Université Pierre et Marie-Curie-Paris VI, Paris (E. Kendjo); Worldwide Antimalarial Resistance Network, Oxford, UK (P.J. Guérin); Centre for Tropical Medicine, Oxford (P.J. Guérin); University of Oxford, Oxford, UK (P.J. Guérin); and Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Paris (P.J. Guérin)

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of travelers returning from Haiti to France, 1988–2010, and Canada, 2007–2010

Characteristic Before earthquake, n = 49* After earthquake, n = 30*
Median age, y (range) 44 (0.7–69) 36 (2–77)
Sex

M

32 (68) 19 (63)

F

15 (32) 11 (37)
Country of residence

France

49 (100) 27 (90)

Canada

0 3 (10)
Plasmodium falciparum infection 47 (100) 27 (100)
Chemoprophylaxis

No

37 (76) 23 (77)

Yes

1 (2) 2 (7)

Unknown

11 (22) 5 (17)
Duration of stay

<2 wk

5 (17) 3 (14)

2–4 wk

14 (47) 6 (29)

1–3 mo

7 (23) 7 (33)

>3 mo

4 (13) 5 (24)
Purpose of travel

Tourism

4 (12) 3 (13)

Visit friends and family

20 (59) 10 (44)

Business

5 (15) 3 (13)

Military

1 (3) 0

Residents or expatriates
>6 mo

1 (3) 5 (22)

Other

3 (9) 2 (9)
Severe malaria

Yes

1 (3) 3 (11)

No

28 (97) 24 (89)
Median parasitemia (range)† 0.47 (0.001–12.000) 0.57 (0.04–14.00)

*Values are no. (%) except as indicated. Numbers may not add to totals because of missing information.
†Percentage of infected erythrocytes per mL blood.

Main Article

1Members of the French National Reference Center for Imported Malaria Study who contributed data are listed at the end of this article.

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